There are many theories for this decline, including overpopulation, foreign invasion, revolt, and the collapse of trade routes. According to legend, the Aztecs saw a vision telling them to settle on an island in Lake Texcoco, which they did in 1325 CE. Priests ran governments, ruled cities, led ceremonies and performed many other jobs. The religious beliefs and practices of the Mayans and Aztecs were similar, but the Incas worshiped the sun. 2.The Incas lived on the South Eastern Coast of South America. The Aztecs and Mayans were two Mesoamerican civilizations that had much in common. Mayan civilization is often associated with knowledge as they had a writing systems, astronomical knowledge, etc. • Mayans were people who were much gentle and kind as compared to Aztecs who were proud of wars. Aztec civilization had to suffer the Spanish conquering. 3.The Mayans had city states each ruled by a sovereign ruler, the Aztecs were ruled by a supreme ruler. Aztec civilization did not have draft animals or wheeled vehicles, and so roads were designed for travel on foot. If you read this far, you should follow us: "Aztecs vs Mayans." The Aztecs created a large empire across Mexico through tribute and trade. The Aztecs lived in what is now central Mexico, while the Mayas lived in southern Mexico and the Inca civilization was focused around Chile and Peru. They also used the sacred calendar to determine when certain events would occur and know the lucky days for cases like going to war, planting crops, and hunting. 10 Dec 2020. The Maya created a writing system of hieroglyphics, the Aztec created the famous mask of Xuihetecuhtli that employed turquoise mosaic, and the Inca created a … Mayans are people from the Maya civilization, which is popular for the development of their written language. 3.The Incas had a technologically advanced frame of mind while the Aztecs believed in sacrifice of humans. Mexican people of Tenochtitlan, the place where Mexico City is currently located, are also called Aztecs. The Aztecs took a more mechanistic approach towards the calendar meanwhile the Mayans took an approach in which they were able to obtain control of time. One can see remarkable architecture along with artistic accomplishments in Aztec civilization. I recommend using bullets to be more organized including captions. Mayan languages are still spoken in rural areas in Mexico and Guatemala. Filed Under: History Tagged With: Aztec, Aztec and Mayan, Aztec Civilization, Aztecs, Maya civilization, Mayan, Mayans, Nahuatl language, Koshal is a graduate in Language Studies with a Master's Degree in Linguistics. Some of the popular remains have been found in excavations such as the Templo Mayor excavation in Mexico City. Many cave sites are also important to Maya archaeology, including Jolja Cave, the Candelaria Caves and the Cave of the Witch. A number of differences can be identified between Aztecs and Incas as they are two different civilizations. Mayan languages are spoken by at least 6 million indigenous Maya, primarily in Guatemala, Mexico, Belize and Honduras. The Olmec, Mayan, Incan, and Aztec civilizations are some of the greatest ancient civilizations in history, and yet we know very little about them compared to other parts of the world. They built many pyramids, some of which still stand today. The Mayans are credited with the Mayan calendar and the Aztecs also have a calendar, while the Incas are famed for their masonry and engineering skills. These 3 groups of great people ruled Mesoamerica in their different eras from 300-1535. 2.The Mayans had a scientific bent of mind and studied the stars, The Aztecs were warlike. Edit or create new comparisons in your area of expertise. The Aztecs also had slaves, and individuals could become slaves due to debts, as a criminal punishment, or as war captives. • Mayans were the first to come and settle in modern-day Mexico. The archaeological remains which are found in Aztec allow gaining knowledge about their culture and history. At the end of the days, Mayan civilization dissipated. • Mayans were the first to come and settle in modern-day Mexico. Aztecs believed in sacrifice of human whereas Mayans believed in offering blood as a sacrifice. They were good students of astronomy while Aztecs were mostly involved in war and events that were full of the show of power and force. @media (max-width: 1171px) { .sidead300 { margin-left: -20px; } } The city lasted until 1521 CE. 4.Aztecs spoke Nahuatl, while the Mayans spoke Maya. Mayans and Aztecs have got numerous differences which are discussed here. Archaeologists have discovered evidence that the Maya lived in Belize in around 2600 BCE, and it’s generally accepted that settlements existed around 1800 BCE. In short, the Maya came first, and settled in modern-day Mexico. There were some important differences between the two. They do not want to take another person’s life to get something back. I love this site. Differences between the Aztecs, Mayans and Incas include their location and language system. Compare the Difference Between Similar Terms. Many city states over time. Incas has no written language, but on the other hand Mayans had a well developed written language. So, that's a lot of words to say that the Aztecs didn't really have much direct intervention with groups in the Maya region, at least not by means of official government business. Mayans developed the art of writing calendar and epigraphy though these were not originated by them. Mexican Valley has become the center of Aztec Civilization since the 13th century. • Also, the ruling methods of these people were different as well. The Aztecs, Mayans and Incas are often confused in the minds of those who have not studied their history. It did not suffer complete wipeout like some other cultures. They used a 365-day calendar based on sun movement and believed in a cyclical nature of time and in three planes: Earth, underworld and heavens above. The Aztec Empire began with an alliance between Tenochtitlan, Texcoco and Tlacopan in order to defeat Azcapotzalco. Aztecs were later arrivals. • Mayans were interested in the study of stars and they also made a calendar which is still comparable to the one in use today. All rights reserved. The Mayans were a far more advanced civilization and had a different approach to developing scientific processes. Although Tenochtiltan was destroyed, many notable sites remain in the Valley of Mexico. Their most notable monuments are the stepped pyramids and the palaces built for Maya rulers. Aztecs Incas Mayans Essay In Differences. Throughout this essay, I will explain the similarities and differences these people held in between them. Though, both these civilizations are Pre-European in their origin, it is the Native American people who have marvelous accomplishments in the history. Aztecs and Mayans were similar in different days. 1.5 million people now speak the Nahuatl language, mostly in mountainous areas in central Mexico. Find out more here! All three civilizations grew corn, beans, and squash. Animal Remains Provide Clues to Maya Commoners -. It is the same place where the capital for Aztecs’ Triple Alliance was built at. The Aztecs were in the Valley of Mexico before 1300 but it took them a while to consolidate their power. Thanks so much for this! Mayans and Aztecs have got numerous differences which are discussed here. There are many major Maya sites, including Altun Ha, Cancuen, Coba, Copan, Caracol, El Mirador, Naranjo, Tikal and Yaxha. The Maya people spread from southern Mexico, through to Guatemala, Belize, western Honduras and northern El Salvador. They still continue to have their beliefs and traditions that they still follow, even today. The Mayans believed in sacrificing blood. Aztecs and Incas are two of the great civilizations of South America. Aztecs were later arrivals. During the Classic period, most of the Maya cities had reached the high stage of development that they could reach. Difference Between Aztecs and Mayans. Aztecs believed in sacrifice of human whereas Mayans believed in offering blood as a sacrifice. These 3 groups of great people ruled Mesoamerica in their different eras from 300-1535. The Mayas' astrological observations and calendar have also received a lot of attention recently, due to the incorrect belief that the end of the Maya calendar predicted the end of the world in 2012. Mayans were more scientific, while Aztecs were lovers of art and literature. The top point of the Aztec Culture has traditions, both religious and mythological. Diffen.com. The Aztecs … They are both highly interesting and valuable civilizations to study. Diffen LLC, n.d. However, Aztec civilization is always associated with wars as they were a group of people, who liked getting into fights very much. All three were great civilizations. Influence of Mayans on other civilizations has been found in the shape of Mayans’ architecture and art developments. The ruins of the Templo Mayor were excavated in Mexico City in 1978. The Aztecs were Nahuatl-speaking people who lived in central Mexico in the 14th to 16th centuries. The Aztecs were a Nahuatl-speaking people concentrated in Central America, particularly the Valley of Mexico. Especially, Aztecs were groups of people who used to speak Nahuatl language and dominated a big part of Mesoamerica between 14th to 16th centuries. Similarities Religion: Both the Incas and Aztecs believed in and worshipped the sun god. The religious beliefs and practices of the Mayans and Aztecs were similar, but the Incas worshiped the sun. These developments continued until Spanish arrived. 1.Aztecs believed in human sacrifice, the Mayans believed in offering blood. The Mayas had the only known fully developed written language in pre-Columbian America. The Aztec, Maya, and Inca all worshipped many gods and used human sacrifices in their religions. Society was divided between “pipiltin” (nobles) and “macehualli” (commoners), and was led by an Emperor. A large amount of Aztec poetry survives, as it was collected during the conquest. Both of the civilizations have got their differences as they have evolved differently. Aztecs and Mayans are both ancient American civilizations that the conquering Spaniards encountered when they set foot on that continent. The Aztecs lived in central Mexico. It is hard to overlook the fact that they had remarkable similarities, but also some differences.Their class structures were … but the following three civilizations are most definitely one of the more interesting empires to roam this Earth; The Mayans, Aztecs, and Incas. Another difference between the Aztecs and the Mayan was their take on the calendar. Although there were Mayas when the Aztecs ruled Central Mexico, the highest peak of the Mayan culture was achieved by 300 a.d., almost 1000 years before the Aztecs … Hernan Cortes conquered Tenochtiltan in 1521, supported by a large number of indigenous allies. Their tribute empire spread throughout Mesoamerica. The Mayans came first to the modern-day Mexico. The Aztec and Mayan lived in the same time period but the Mayan had actually been around longer than the Aztecs. The Mayans resided in southern Mexico and northern Central America and is recognized as a Mesoamerican civilization. Aztec and Mayan differences One difference between the Aztec and the Mayan is the location, and time period they were in. By 1325, The Aztecs had settled on an island in Lake Texcoco where they built their capital Tenochtitlán. • People from both civilizations believed in sacrifice. The Spanish then founded a new settlement, Mexico City, on the site of the capital, and began colonizing Central America. Next … And that is a great story in itself! The Olmecs are frequently forgotten entirely, and the rest are often lumped together or confused, but they were all completely distinct. Other reasons for its popularity are the developments and achievements in architecture, astronomical and mathematical systems and in the field of art. The Northern Maya cities continued to flourish until the Spanish conquest. , Just add more reasons and details how they are same. Often, “Aztec” is used to refer to people who lived in Tenochtitlan, which is now Mexico City, on an island in Lake Texcoco, but may also refer to their allies, the Acolhuas of Texcoco and the Tepanecs of Tlacopan. And had built large temples to do the sacrifices in and had built special temples to worship thier god. They also practiced human sacrifice. Tagged as: Aztecs, Incas, Mayans Comments Off. Establishment of the civilization was during the Pre-Classic period. The Maya people lived in southern Mexico and northern Central America — a wide territory that includes the entire Yucatán Peninsula — from as early as 2600 BC. The civilization saw its peak between 250 and 900 CE. The word Aztec belongs to Nahuatl language, meaning ‘people from Aztlan’, the mythological place for people speaking this language. They also lacked draft animals, wheel-based transportation and metal tools. 1.The Aztecs held sway in Central Mexico between 1325 AD and 1523 AD. The most important collection of these poems is Romances de los senores de la Nueva Espana. Maya civilization existed from 1800 BCE, but these settlements were widely abandoned around 100 CE. Many areas in Mexico City retain the original Aztec names. The civilization saw its peak between 250 and 900 CE. Aztec civilization was built around corn cultivation. The Aztecs had only one supreme ruler who ruled them all while Mayans had rule divided into states which were ruled by a separate ruler. The similarity between the Aztecs, Mayans and Incas is that all had control of massive empires that eventually ceased to exist. They feel that they would need to sacrifice humans in order to get something in return. The Maya southern lowlands went into decline in the 8th and 9th centuries and were abandoned. Web. The Aztecs came into play after some time later. The Mayas typically lived in independent city kingdoms, led by a king and his royal household. Smallpox broke out in 1520-21 and played a vital in the fall of the city, with between 10% to 50% of the population succumbing to the disease. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Copyright © 2010-2018 Difference Between. One similar characteristic had to do with agriculture. The Incas and Aztecs had a Nahuatl, still spoken by about 1.5 million people, mostly in central Mexico. Most modern-day Mexicans are of mixed Aztec and European ancestry. You should do more sites. Tenochtitlan became the dominant city in the alliance, and their empire spread through both trade and military conquest. While there are similarities between the Aztecs and the Mayans, there are great differences. • Mayans were a far better civilization as they had a different approach to scientific processes. According to legend, the Aztecs saw a vision telling them to settle on an island in Lake Texcoco, which they did in 1325 CE. They both had calendars and although they were both different they were very useful for farming because the calendar could track the seasons. Both cultures believed in sacrifice, but the Aztecs believed in sacrificing humans and the Mayans believed in the sacrifice of blood. Other than that common factor, the groups all had different ways of life and unique languages, political agendas, religious views and ways to provide for their people. Mayans, Aztecs, and Incas. The Mayas used a writing system that combined phonetic symbols and logograms and a base 20 and base 5 numbering system. This Triple Alliance made the tributary empire. In 1996, Guatemala formally recognized 21 Mayan languages by name and Mexico recognizes 8 more. All children were educated until age 14. There was large scale reconstruction between 250 and 900 CE, known as the Classic period, when the Maya built many independent city states, built temples and palaces, developed a hieroglyphic writing system, and developed long distance trade with other Mesoamerican cultures. Distinctive Sites Deities Aztec: Tlalco: god of rain Huitzilopchtli: parton god of the mexoca tribe Quetzalcoatl: culture hero and of civilization and order Tezcatlipoca: god of destiny and furtune Mayan: Itzama: an upper god and creator deity quetzalcoatl: god "feathered Human sacrifice was common in Mayas and Aztecs, sometimes thousands were killed at the same time. The Aztecs believed in human sacrifice. The Aztecs built floating gardens while the Maya burnt down forests to plant gardens and the Inca farmed steep areas by building terraces. wow you give more info on any other website i have a test on this ! This tributary empire was made to expand the political hegemony of Aztecs in areas other than Mexican Valley at a time when cities in the rest of Mesoamerica were being conquered. < >. The civilization’s height was between 250 and 900 AD. Throughout this essay, I will explain the similarities and differences these people held in between them. The interaction with other areas of the region and the way cultures of the Mesoamerican civilizations merged into each other results in Maya civilization sharing numerous features with these civilizations. Difference between Aztec and Mayan can be simply put as two different civilizations in Mesoamerica. 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