Formal and informal language each serve a different purpose. Informal English: We use it with friends, children, and relatives. It tends to resemble the way people converse out loud more than formal writing does, and it may feature more contractions (“they’re” instead of “they are”) as well as slang, abbreviations, and expressions of emotion—even exclamations! This blog has been written at level C2. and, instead write, 'Shakespeare’s plays are enjoyable.'. pptx, 466 KB. And when it comes to the informal vs formal writing, people can’t seem to agree on what they mean and when to use them. Report a problem. 4 Informal Language. It is clear that example 1 is formal while example 2 is informal. Standard English can be spoken in any regional accent, so you don’t need to sound like the Queen! Formal English is more common when writing, informal English is more common when we speak.. formal: I have decided to refuse his offer. The blast shattered the windows of nearby buildings. For example: These are not used in formal language. Play this game to review Grammar. Certain situations require formal language, while in other situations informal language is fine. Formal vs Informal . It may sometimes be called ‘posh’, ‘formal’ or even ‘the Queen’s English’, but these aren’t very helpful descriptions. Standard English is also used at traditional occasions such as funerals and weddings. Formal language is found in carefully written reports and … Informal … When you are working cross-culturally or with people you do not know very well, using formal language helps eliminate any misunderstandings and helps you sound polite and professional. It is a clear style of English that can be understood by a wide audience. Formal vs. To connect with my readers, I use informal language. … Formal 9. To do that, you will need to choose the right tone of voice. Creative Commons "Sharealike" Other resources by this author. There are also examples where spoken English can be very formal, for example, in a speech or a lecture. Should use formal or informal language in this situation? It is a general way of writing, used when one is writing to closed ones. There are also examples where spoken English can be very formal, for example, in a speech or a lecture. A resource with worksheets exploring informal and formal language. For example: Formal language uses modal verbs. Formal language is more common when we write; informal language is more common when we speak. formal-informal-letter. Formal language and Standard English Standard English refers to a style of language used to suit a setting where the audience is large, not personally known, or in authority. Free. When to use which? The word ‘Standard’ refers to the use of its use of standardised vocabulary and grammar which excludes the use of slang and incorrect grammar. Working online: what are the implications for language and communication? Read more . Formal language is less personal than informal language. Formal language does not use colloquialisms, contractions or first person pronouns such as ‘I’ or ‘We’. Understanding the difference between formal and informal can help you to better understand many rules in English grammar. Formal language is less personal than informal language and is utilized in most business contexts. l1l2slang.pdf. For example, where you might say to a friend, “We’re gonna go town”, to turn this into Standard English, you would say: “We’re going to go to town”. An important point to note about formal and informal language is that there are not just two watertight categories,’ formal’ vs ‘informal’. Resource type . Then, BLOG about what you learned by answering the following questions IN … 'Blast' and 'shattered' are highly descriptive words and create vivid imagery. 2 Formal Language. In informal language they are used for easier flow and faster speech. Formal and informal writing Name _____ Date _____ Jan 2018. For example: Formal language is less personal, and is more likely to use the ‘we’ as a pronoun rather than ‘I’: For example: In formal language, words are generally longer. Learn about CAP and the writer’s voice. Should use formal or informal language in this situation? Formal language is more common when we write; informal language is more common when we speak. Then, to make sure that people believe me, I also use formal language. Informal language is the language of everyday speech and writing. No slang language is used in the formal communication, and the conversation is mostly in the documented form as it is kept as the evidence for official purpose. Formal writing is explicitly stated and appears in the first or second paragraph of the essay. Kindly contributed by Marc Stewart, Peterborough Regional College. You need to ensure that you do not write in quite the same way as you might talk to a friend. The formal communication is a time-taking and reliable process, which can even be provided as evidence in the court. Formal vs. Search for Marc on www.skillsworkshop.org Page 1 of 4 L1-2 Functional English, GCSE English. Meeting a friend The correct answer is: B. Informal writing and language: This type of writing and language does not have to adhere to the established formal rules of grammar and speech; informal language and writing accepts, tolerates and permits the use of things like colloquialisms, slang, figures of speech, clichés, improper and broken syntax, incomplete sentences, sentence fragments and other grammatical prohibitions that are not tolerated when formal writing and language … The doers in this type of communication assure the privacy and do not leak the information. When you write, you will always have a ‘CAP’: a context, audience and purpose. Pompous: grand, solemn, or self-important. Categories: Business, Communication skills, Workplace challenges, English skills, © 2020 The London School of English and Foreign Languages Ltd Chats / emails among good friends SEMI-FORMAL Casual E.g. We’ll also talk about contractions from the perspective of formal writing. Informal English is used with friends, relatives and on social media mostly.. Formal language does not use colloquialisms, contractions or first person pronouns such as ‘I’ or ‘We’. News reports use formal language, but the words are rich and stimulating to keep the audience interested. informal: I’ve decided to refuse his offer. The accompanying PDF file includes: matching slang to more formal language, writing definitions of slang that you use, listening activities using the Little Britain Audio CD. Informal Language Please go to the following website and complete all the interactive activities. Formal English: We use it when writing essays for school, cover letters to apply for jobs, or emails and letters at work. [informal], ‘Would you like to…’ [formal] vs ‘Do you want….’ [informal]. When you are writing an essay or for an unknown audience, you should try to avoid. Listening and/or speaking activity. Formal vs Informal Language. The two words formal and informal are antonyms.Informal has been made by adding the prefix in- to the word formal. You speak in a more traditional way and use longer forms of words when you want to be formal; 3 Formal Language with. In an essay, you would avoid writing that 'Shakespeare’s plays are awesome!' Formal and informal When writing, you must make sure you adopt the right tone to suit your audience and purpose - either formal or informal. Explain Using Formal and Informal Language Say: When I write a persuasive letter, I want people to see things my way. Preview. When you are communicating with someone that you don’t know very well, Situations that are more relaxed and that involve people that you know well or know each other well, Public speaking (speeches, lectures, etc). Teachers ; Principals ; Counselors ; Neighbors ; Firemen, Policemen ; Who else? However, there are times where writing can be very informal, for example, when writing postcards or letters to friends, emails or text messages. It is used when writing for professional or academic purposes like university assignments. You can still sound lively and engaging by using words imaginatively but choosing carefully to avoid slang and incorrect grammar. Informal … Using very formal English in everyday situations can sound pompous, so always think about the context and your target audience. 4.1 54 customer reviews. This table shows the main scenarios in which it is best to use formal language. Talking to your teenager The correct answer is: B. Informal language isn’t always a ‘taboo’ though. It is an appropriate choice of style in media writing and by teachers, TV and radio news announcers. English; English / Grammar and punctuation; English / Non-fiction; 7-11; View more . [formal] vs Fancy a cuppa? The vocabulary, tone, and syntax are all things that change depending on the style you wish to adopt. 1. Which sentence do you think suits the context of a news report aimed at a young audience best and why? This is a video animation explaining the differences between formal and informal language and an explanation of when you would want to use one or the other. What are the Differences Between Formal & Informal Language? Standard English refers to a style of language used to suit a setting where the audience is large, not personally known, or in authority. The tone of informal writing is more personal than formal language. For example: Speech is generally slower in formal language, allowing for correct and clear pronunciation, and the tone of the voice is more serious. Which statement is more formal? For example: This is not used in formal language. Knowing when to use formal or informal English at work will depend on the business, the industry, who you are speaking with, and what you are talking about. The choice of words, the tone and the way that each word is strung together will vary depending on the situation and the level of formality. In formal language, grammar is more complex and sentences are generally longer. Formal vs. Categories & Ages. Formal language, on the other hand, is the language used on more serious occasions. At a community meeting The correct answer is: A. This resource is designed for UK teachers. For related links visit the download page for this resource at skillsworkshop. Learn about CAP and the writer’s voice. The second sentence is probably the most effective for a younger audience. The list is divided into sections of: verbs, transitions, emphasis words, abbreviations, and slang. For example: Eliminate: to remove or eliminate something. I use different kinds of language to gain support. Knowing when to use formal or informal English at work will depend on the business, the industry, who you are speaking with, and what you are talking about. Formal language is less personal than informal language. It is used when writing for professional or academic purposes like university assignments. You need to ensure that you do not write in quite the same way as you might talk to a friend. To achieve your purpose you need to write in a style that will suit your context and audience. Resolution: a firm decision to do or not to do something. Informal - the relationship is close 10. Examples of Formal & Informal Expressions helenfharvey Adverbial Phrases Worksheets - differentiated. Informal language is how you communicate with people you know well and can relax around. These are not used in formal language. Formal-or-Informal-ppt. Formal and Informal English Words/Phrases Actually, there are no specific definitions about formal and informal words/phrase because it is absolutely back to the definition of differences between formal and informal English that has been explained before. Informal Language – Break out … Instead what we have is a continuum – a sliding scale – from VERY FORMAL to VERY INFORMAL: VERY INFORMAL Intimate E.g. How to write effective business and work emails in English, Business English for work and careers: 50 words you need to know, Business and Professional English - Virtual Groups, Business and Professional English 25+ plus Individual Training, 10 differences between formal and informal language, We regret to inform you that the delivery will be delayed due to adverse weather conditions [formal], Sorry, but the delivery will be late because of the weather [informal], I am sorry to have kept you waiting [formal], ‘As soon as possible’ [formal] vs ‘asap’ [informal], ‘Advertisement’ [formal] vs ‘ad’ or ‘advert’ [informal], ‘Photograph’ [formal] vs ‘photo’ [informal], Would you like a cup of tea? Our tips from experts and exam survivors will help you through. Informal language is conversational; it sounds a lot like the way we speak to one another. Practise your reading and listening by reading the blogs below. English Informal and Formal Words List; Informal Formal Ask for Request Look into Investigate Refer to Consult Hungry Famished But However Wrong Incorrect Mad Insane Let Allow Eager Avid Dare Challenge Hurt Damage Show Demonstrate Avoid Evade Sick ill Give up Quit Empty Vacant Mend Repair Idea Notion See Observe Need Require Informal Formal Live Reside Whole Entire … Is used when you want to make a good impression on people in respected positions. Created: Feb 6, 2011 | Updated: Nov 24, 2014. Formal writing adopts a complex sentence structure. Loading... Save for later. In this blog article, we will do our best to shed some light on this matter. Resource File(s) l1l2style.ppt. The two sentences below both use Standard English to give the same information. The following list will help you to recognize the informal and formal ways of saying the same thing. Moreover, both formal and informal are adjectives.However, in the North American English formal is used as a noun to … It is the language used with friends and associates, in friendly letters, and many newspaper and magazine articles. Then moves on to give good examples of formal/informal language and slang. Should use formal or informal language in this situation? Author: Created by jlud87. When writing, you must make sure you adopt the right tone to suit your audience and purpose - either formal or informal. Examine the Language – Decide if the sentence uses formal or informal language, and write either formal or informal on the line above the sentence. Rewrite into formal English, please. Read about our approach to external linking. When you are working cross-culturally or with people you do not know very well, using formal language helps eliminate any misunderstandings and helps you sound polite and professional. We use formal English in serious situations, when applying a job, essays for school and with people we don’t know well.. Informal writing is not stated explicitly and is likely to appear anywhere in an article. Here are 10 tips on how to use formal and informal language. It is used when writing for professional or academic purposes like university assignments. When you are writing an essay or for an unknown audience, you should try to avoid contractions and any use of slang words. You use formal speech when you address professionals and other highly-respected members of society, such as within the legal, banking, and other … View US version. Company number 00522995, The London School of International Communication, How to sound natural with adverbs of attitude. Informal … Is used when you … Useful for a variety of lessons especially those exploring writing of non-fiction texts with an eye for a particular purpose. Formal and informal language describe two different ways of speaking. Formal language is less personal than informal language. However, there are times where writing can be very informal, for example, when writing postcards or letters to friends, emails or text messages. and any use of slang words. We will explain both styles and show you when to use each. Informal vs. formal Informal Formal InforImnfaol rmal FoFrmoarlm al ask request help assist/assistance because due to have Possess begin commence I dunno I do not know busy occupied tell Inform check varify check make sure enough sufficient need require get recieve sorry regret make sure ensure 5. A. Using formal language doesn't mean that you have to sound stilted and boring. Formal language does not use colloquialisms, contractions or first person pronouns such as ‘I’ or ‘We’. The bomb broke the windows of nearby buildings. Interactive presentation. Informal Language. Formal language is, for all intents and purposes, far less personal than informal writing. 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Are writing an essay or for an unknown audience, you will need to in... From very formal English in serious situations, when applying a job, essays for school and with people don’t. In everyday situations can sound pompous, so you don ’ t need to ensure that you not! Perspective of formal writing teachers ; Principals ; Counselors ; Neighbors ; Firemen Policemen. You speak in a speech or a lecture than informal writing is more complex and sentences are generally longer on! A personal diary or an advertisement respectively is best to use formal English in everyday situations can sound pompous so... All things that change depending on the other hand, is the used. Good impression on people in respected positions formal communication is a clear style of English that can be understood a...