Concrete prepared by using red mud is suitable in ornamental works and gives aesthetically pleasant appearance. Partial Replacement of Cement using Red Mud in SCC Red mud derived from alumina refineries through the Bayer process is a waste material with a density of 2187 kg/m3 . There is a future scope for the use of red mud concrete in structural point of view. 2. In the so-called Pedersen process, iron is removed as a separate by-product and does not end up in the mud. Red mud can be used as a cementing material (Orient Cement which uses 2-4% RM of MALCO). It gives the detailed appraisal of the work being carried out for making use of red mud in building, pollution control and metal recovery. The Pedersen process dry “red mud”) in cement production. This study seeks to evaluate the possibilities of red mud application in construction industry, focusing into two main areas: cement production/ceramic material and road construction. Partial Replacement of Cement using Red Mud in SCC Abstract. In addition, red mud can also be widely used in the cement industry, where it can be considered as a raw material or additive for cement production and can act as a replacement of cement in concrete production , . In contrary, few of above mentioned oxides in RM are present in cement. In Japan, plant scale tests were initiated in 2003 to confirm the possibility of using Residual Bauxite (i.e. Used for road construction as an embankment Red mud contains six major oxides named CaO, SiO2, Fe2O3, Al2O3, TiO2 and Na2O and small quantities of numerous minor elements. There had been concerns that the firm would use … This paper reviews matters in the context of environmental concerns of disposal of red mud and its utilization. And few of above men-tioned oxides are present in cement also. characterization, disposal, various neutralization methods and utilization of red mud. Accumulation of undisposed dry/wet red mud The particle size distribution of the red mud is similar to cement. The red mud is difficult to use with cement, as building materials, steel industries due to its rich soda content. For instance, it was reported that 2.5 million tons of red mud was consumed by the cement industry during 1998–1999 in India and researchers found that the hydration reaction of Portland cement is favoured by a highly alkaline environment which red mud is noted for . But in 2015, researchers in New Zealand reported that by adding a common cement additive called silica fume to red mud, together with a modest amount of iron, they could create a cement … IRISH Cement will not pursue the use of red mud in its factory at Mungret, it has emerged this morning. We use mixture of red mud and cement for non-structural work. The mud loses its iron-red colour and instead appears as a “grey mud”, that for the most part consists of calcium carbonate and silica, which can be used as a raw material in cement and fertiliser manufacture. Hence red mud is called as a cementatious material. Residual Bauxite was introduced as a raw material along with other raw materials as lime, clay, silica, iron source etc.