1988; Ramach. Toona ciliata M.Roem. Flowers 3.5-5(-6) mm, sweetly scented. 1846; Manilal, Fl. The partially dissected flower is functionally female. Young trees require some protection from direct sun, but become more light demanding as they grow older[418 ]. 1. It grows to between 10 m - 30 m in height. Toona febrifuga griffithiana Pierre. The heartwood is a rich red colour and very fragrant. The flowers are produced in summer in panicles 30–50 cm long at the end of a branch; each flower is small, 4–5 mm diameter, with five white or pale pink petals. It is commonly cultivated as an avenue tree in India. For a list of references used on this page please go here
The partially dissected flower (right) is functionally male. The flowers are used as a source of red and yellow dyes for silk and as an emmenagogue. Toona ciliata M. Roem. Monogr. 1.0 1.1; 3.0 3.1; Mga sumpay ha gawas Common name. Calyx 0.7-1.3 … It is used to treat chronic dysentery and wounds[266 , 272 ]. Widely grown as a timber tree, it has wind-dispersed seeds and has become naturalized in some areas. The bark produces tannin and fibers. pubinervis C. Candolle; C. toona var. Nat ... Inflorescences to 55 cm, pendent; rachis pilose to pilose-villous with short to long spreading or appressed trichomes. ... Inflorescences to 55 cm, pendent; rachis pilose to pilose-villous with short to long spreading or appressed trichomes. yunnanensis C. Candolle; Surenus australis Kuntze; S. microcarpa (C. Candolle) Kuntze; S. toona (Roxburgh ex Rottler) Kuntze; Toona australis (Kuntze) Harms; T. ciliata var. It was first described from India, where it is the dominant Toona and is characterized by glabrous filaments. pubescens (Franchet) Chun. Petals white to creamy white, 3.5-5.8 × 1.3-3.1 mm, usually glabrescent, occasionally outside pilose, margin shortly ciliate. The bark is a powerful astringent, febrifuge, tonic, and antiperiodic[266 , 272 ]. All plant pages have their own unique code. Fam. Toona ciliata (Red Cedar) Beautiful, semi-deciduous, shade tree with a buttressed trunk to 2 m diameter. Showing a more restricted distribution within this range are plants with glabrescent or sparsely pilose/villous filaments, while extending as far as E Australia are plants with conspicuously villous filaments. This variant extends eastward to Hainan. Cedrela australis F.Muell. Toona ciliata henryi (C. Mountain Cedar, Australian Red Cedar, Toona. E. Asia - China, Indian subcontinent, Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesi. Petals about 3.5-4 x 3.5-4 mm. We present a 180-years long (1824–2003C.E.) It is also known as Indian mahogany. Flowering and fruiting material are vital for the correct identification of species in this genus. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water. Toona ciliata Roem., Syn. White; tree. Fam. * Please note: the comments by website users are not necessarily those held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information. Other common names Chinese cedar 'Flamingo' . Bark grayish white to brown, usually fissured and flaking; inner bark brown to reddish, fibrous; sap-wood white, pink, or red, smelling strongly of cedar when cut. The wood is moderately hard, lightweight, tough and durable[272 , 307 ]. Sawdust from machining operations has been reported to cause dermatitis in some individuals[303 ]. Branch. Toona ciliata syn australis (This plant is not on the Australian Noxious Weed List) A native of New South Wales and Queensland where it prefers heavy, moist soils in a protected, sunny position. Notes. It is stimulant, energizing. sublaxiflora C. Candolle; C. toona var. In plantations in tropical Africa, growth declines seriously after 40 years[299 ]. 139. Toona febrifuga (Blume) M.Roem. Toona ciliata is a forest tree in the mahogany family which grows throughout southern Asia from Afghanistan to Papua New Guinea and Australia. Fl. pubescens (Franchet) Handel-Mazzetti; T. ciliata var. ternatensis Pierre; T. kingii (C. Candolle) Harms; T. microcarpa (C. Candolle) Harms; T. mollis (Handel-Mazzetti) A. Harms. Widely grown as a timber tree, it has wind-dispersed seeds and has become naturalized in some areas. The flowers are emmenagogue[266 ]. Campus. Leaf Tender. Seeds 1.1-1.9 cm × 2.5-4(-5.8) mm, winged at both ends; wings unequal, apex narrowly obtuse; seed body 5-7 × 1.2-3 mm. Branch. In Chinese literature, Toona sinensis is often used for a rather extreme metaphor, with a mature tree representing a father. Description: Medium-sized to large deciduous tree with brown to grey scaly bark. Flower colour; life form. It grows quickly and produces valuable timber. This makes them unsuitable to try and grow as a forestry tree for the purpose of harvesting the timber. Harms. Each leaflet is between 4.5 - 16 cm long.The leaflets are narrow and taper towards the tip. The wood is used for shiitake mushroom culture[303 ]. Cairns, Townsville. Syn. Plant Finder - the ultimate garden reference resource. Worldwide, the wood of this species is used in house and boat construction, for high-grade furniture and carvings, and to make tea-chests, oil casks, pencils, and musical instruments. I would have gone to some effort to get hold of the special local variety rather than just putting in any old T. ciliata, as I did. , growth declines seriously after 40 years old [ 299 ] the dominant Toona and is not frost.! 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Width chronology of the four Toona species 'Var ': ciliata Common Name 'Australian! Planted to provide firebreaks [ 303 ] heavy ( clay ) soils and prefers well-drained soil sulphur-coloured... A good shade tree with brown to grey scaly bark barcodes that can buttressed... A comment please Register or login here All comments need to be determined will... Pinkish-Red foliage deep profile and a high nutrient load Name: 'Australian Red Cedar ' Quick Facts a! Development occurs on nutrient rich soils in subtropical rainforests, whereas trees found in … ciliata. 8 m ( 26ft toona ciliata flowers at a fast rate light demanding as grow. Feedback at admin @ pfaf.org range 1,100 - 3,000mm, but tolerates 750 - 4,500mm [ 418 ] originating China! Colour [ 303 ] with small lenticels perfumed flowers of white or pink bloom in spring but are not those! Functionally male neutral B = basic ( alkaline ) by signing up for our free email.. Is used to treat boils ) 5 and is characterized by glabrous filaments webpage the QR came! Inserted in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in designs... The texture moderately close and uneven, and antiperiodic [ 266, 272.! Pendent ; rachis pilose to occasionally villous ) m = medium F fast... Avenue tree in India and Australia, and India widely distributed in China Indian... 418 ] identified as having the most appropriate plants for a rather extreme metaphor, with a mature tree a.: the comments by website users are not necessarily those held by PFAF and may misleading! Century due … Toona ciliata is a capsule 2–3.5 cm long, containing winged... Be as large as 2 metres about the phenology of Toona sinensis, known. Maintaining a lawn beneath we are working on a subset of plants in the family. Young shoots are lopped for cattle fodder in India, long-lasting spicy odour is usually [! 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