Here are a couple of uncertainties involved with the employee hiring process. of Management Science and Engineering, School of Management, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou … >> One of the innovations in this standard is a new definition of risk -- a rather oddly phrased definition, in my view. endobj /Border [0 0 0] /Contents [21 0 R 22 0 R 23 0 R 24 0 R 25 0 R 26 0 R 27 0 R 28 0 R] A risk is the effect of uncertainty on certain objectives. /Dest [null /FitR 0 395 596 395] /Type /Annot >> In ISO 9000:2015, within the definition of risk a note expands on the term uncertainty. 36 0 obj >> /Dest [null /FitR 0 794 596 794] /A 31 0 R +i6ZBdXOmXnl2JYdI1SNzLMiJSiyFiC4BUMKEcT9mg2xVT8o/k95g0vzHZa75i88al5in0wOLC3c endobj What do we mean by risk and uncertainty? International Journal of Project Management, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijproman.2010.11.002. The structural contingency perspective has been widely used in information systems development (ISD) project risk management research. endobj uuid:4B59219F6F7D11DC933B977E00CEF8A5 << Buy The Uncertainty Effect: An Introduction to Risk Management by online on Amazon.ae at best prices. MUMKMJDL9tSgf0+BbYNiqi/5rW9zp13e6RomqXlosFzLp+qC3T6lcNbq5+F/VV0Q8DRpFRW7GpGK 1 0 obj Ej6wnCtaU9Svp1r25YqyyOSOWNZI2DxuAyOpBVlIqCCOoOKrsVWxyxScvTdX4MUbiQaMOoNO4xVd HG7pbhinOkskRerKRxj5N7Yq1/ysrTZNTksrHStU1GG2kihv7+0tecNtLMqOI5ULLOWVJVLhImKf /URI (http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijproman.2010.11.002) /Creator (Adobe Illustrator\(R\) 12) 4mWi7LIGjejDudxiqd+WvzU0DXtUtdOjtb2xl1CN5tLkvI40S6SNebenwkkZSE+LjIqtTtiqL1/z /Metadata 44 0 R ... Effect of uncertainty on objectives. rTYqphpf5YfUPOp8z/pL1K3upXv1T0OP/HSgtIOHqeof7v6jWvH4uXQU3VSzTfyO0nT/ADHDqMU1 >> Let’s break it down: The effect of uncertainty on objectives. endobj The risk is positive if it affects your project positively, and it is negative if it affects the project negatively. /Properties 37 0 R TOxooVlL0qf5qYqlv5H2v5d+X9P82XOg65c3tnBeF9WuNRUxLbmIOftMF5UFeT98VV/+hnfyo+vi stream /Kids [2 0 R 3 0 R 4 0 R] y2dD1G5ntIlmS5intioZZYwyrUMGDL8ZqMVeaP8A84069fxQ6d5g/MTVNV8vxOGOlsjrVVNVHOS4 /XObject 39 0 R maNo3+runJXNG+1TFV1j+ceh3V7DaSaTqtmX1BNIupriCJYra/lIEVvMySv8T8lIMfJdxUjFUF/y 44 0 obj endobj 5 0 obj /S /URI /Type /Annot >> The best practices in traditional risk management are vital, as Gary points out, but they are not enough to protect a company from economic risk. /Type /Annot A risk is the effect of uncertainty on certain objectives. Many different definitions have been proposed. Solution for evaluate the effect of uncertainty on project risk management. 9N+PTl/k1rtXFWE/lT5A/IHzv5EsrOCzil1xLZBqgM8kd/HcAfvJB8QqnPdSFKU28Rir2G61Hyr+ q8uZNDvVamuKqsn5FBrBbb9Mo7xW+iQxiazWW3dtDglhBuIGlpLHN6/L0+Q4kDc4qqxfkvfQ21+I 42 0 obj /SA false s4Y3gis7hGdZXLyxuOKo3JePLY7GhxVL77z9fJ5z1C0/Sc0ekC68sx6atvb28hb9KyTCRHMoRhHN nUrKzht7y2h1RmXSdQuY40t7oqhkpHxkeReaKWT1UTkOmKpj5w892Xlcwi50+9vRKrOZLZYViRVN Firstly, risk and uncertainty are understood in various ways depending on which sector you work in. endstream ► Uncertainty can moderate the effects of risk management on project performance. fljpvmXzZpOvXdyywWEM0F7p/CqXaMriDk3IcfReV2GxrXtiqR/8qNg/5VmPJo1qYXwuvrg130h6 << nq/3VfS5/wDLL+5+37+2Kqr/AJHaQJ/ND29+8EWvW0cGnQrGCunvHwcyp8X7zlPBFJT4fs098VXa ��hSK����(�S俣���N���n����#�J �3���4M�6����("^@�����. This definition of risk comes from ISO 31000, the standard from the International Standards Organization. endobj y+0cK3MQZj4KCRU+wxVk7MFBZiAoFST0AxVqORJEV42DowqrKagjxBGKt4q7FXYq7FXYq7FXYq7F +DlJWWl5iZmpucnZ6fkqOkpaanqKmqq6ytrq+v/aAAwDAQACEQMRAD8A6p5k/MfXLD8wwbeVR5L0 /Type /Page /Font 38 0 R The magnitude of the risk is determined by its character (type), extent (size) and timing. obHwFMHR4SNCFVJicvEzJDRDghaSUyWiY7LCB3PSNeJEgxdUkwgJChgZJjZFGidkdFU38qOzwygp ► Uncertainty can moderate the effects of risk management on project performance. << 9VlEM29C9GqANtsVUPJf5WXPlbUtIu7fWBPDp+lDR7uBrYKbiKOeWeF1f1T6TK0/xbNyp+ziqL82 endobj /StructParents 1 endobj WRVjnuVc+tFEJiUT0xuFrWmKqtj+W2pHygnlDWdbXUNBXSW0loYrQW0pKlVt5xJ6stGiiXjxpRj8 A dictionary definition of the word uncertainty is: “The quality or state of doubt”, but there are a number of equally suitable definitions for the word. RISK MANAGEMENT ? qmvadEwYWXBohUe8k1yoPvwrir0q/wDy+0V/IF35J0pRpemT2klnEY15+mJAQXIJBdiTUkmpOKsP /Subtype /Link endobj /Subtype /Link /A 35 0 R tUxVKLb81dLsvrVtM1/rWpPqup21vZRQWsUyRWNx6clP3sUXoRFlVJJHDv4csVRK/nHoFxLZQaXp endobj Also, risk is often described by an event, a change in circumstances or a consequence (ISO 31000) Risk Management can be defined as the set of ‘coordinated activities Anthropology stream /Rect [370.601 282.104 562.564 292.082] >> 12 0 obj /Rect [311.527 222.35 406.772 232.328] /A 30 0 R An effect is a deviation from the expected, it can be positive or negative, and it An effect is a deviation from the expected, it can be positive or negative, and it /OPM 1 /Rect [311.527 270.198 331.483 280.12] >> According to ISO 31000, risk is the effect of uncertainty on objectives. >> Here it is clear that uncertainty is the driver of risk and is not risk itself. ItyI1FwuqiNZQByCExnjXrSoBxVZ+Wf1XVP+cjfPl5q3GXVdPBi0tJQCY4EdYi8YP2aIEFR/MfHF A3EyxoT4nriqWL+Wv5w+Yvy6tNBTWvLreVrqzgNrElvIpWLiskbqwj2boeXjiqRNoUtn+bn5V+T/ Management Accounting and Accounting Information Systems; Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › Research › peer-review. YVefeWNA1vXNaivbky+jFIsk95LyqeBrxUnq36sKHsGRS8x/5yRk1uP8o9XOlFwSYRfGL7X1UyAS It is very clear that risk management brings benefits to the organization. << /Subtype /Link They felt a distinction should be made between risk and uncertainty. 2007-09-28T18:01:02+08:00 /Dest [null /FitR 0 794 596 794] /Type /Annot >> On-Demand | 1 hour Discussion Topics: Clearly communicate third-party risk tolerance across the business; Expedite third-party onboarding to reduce lengthy due diligence; Support critical third parties in managing compliance risk Q+W4JYpL6ItJPFbKXhmRTuWWJ4xxXup49MVZ/wCTfNv5b/l3+Vfl6RdWubjQL2WWLT76eF/UeSSW 256 /Subtype /Link Furthermore, supply risk monitoring, supply risk mitigation and supply risk management process maturity all moderate the effect of environmental uncertainty, whereas only risk monitoring has an influence on the relationship between behavioral uncertainty and supply risk management performance. Contents page Summary 1. fMCQXl5qen6tHcQ2EUccM2nqFVI4Fk9Pg3FaA9O/KtcVREn5MRX1+uo61qzX19dTXkutSJAIVuEu /Rect [171.496 684 382.734 691.937] /Border [0 0 0] fTiqE87wrP8A845flxCxIWXUJEJHWjPcDFXpf/OSWkad5e/J/wCraFYw2MBntbGUwRqjC1BMnplw B+S9roeuWOsWWqOLix0kWCK0IZWvwjR/pFgXNWKSMDH7/axVEecvyu1HzTDZC91i2lmisls71rrT >> Risk is the variability of possible returns. – The purpose of this paper is to investigate the relations between perceived business uncertainty (PBU), use of external risk management (RM) consultants, formalisation of RM, magnitude of RM methods and perceived organisational outcomes., – This paper is based on a questionnaire survey of members of the Chartered Institute of Management Accountants in the UK. /Type /Annot About this report 3 3. approach it takes to risk management, including the impact of uncertainty on its risk management advice, while bearing in mind that risk analysis principles should be applied consistently and in a non-discriminatory manner. And then COSO puts it differently, may be you can google it … irsVdirsVdirsVSXzB528oeXJIo9d1i002WcFoY7mZI3ZQaFgpNaV74qgtN/ND8udSultLHzLps9 Risk management is: The range of activities that an organisation intentionally undertakes to understand and reduce these effects. stream << That is part of its power. /Border [0 0 0] /Dest [null /FitR 0 395 596 395] pT5+/NpoNKvk8sw3ryWl/Z2D6/FBDLYJM91As8JeRmJPpSMnIRlQxoG5UxVFD82LLTdbvdIkt9W1 2N1di1Z/TXUzayC1JrT7X95Tv9jpirKvNX5reRfK0+mRa1qIt11dDLYzqjSQtGvH4zIgZQvxinji This paper develops an integrative model to explore the moderating effects of uncertainty on the relationship between risk management and IS development project performance from a vendor perspective, rather than the client perspective that is mainly employed in the literature. 16 0 obj /URI (mailto:Maqingguo3669@zju.edu.cn) ztirD9G/5yQ/LLVJ54BPd2csNvNdhLm2dTJDbxNNI0fD1K/u42YVpWmKvOPy3/5yJ0Gx81edbjzR mWo7H0zTtirNvO35K+UfNHlLTvLgV9Nj0UD9EXVtT1IKAKw+L7QegLdyRWtcVSby5+SfmSz1vS9S /Length 13052 /MediaBox [0 0 595.276 793.701] 15 0 obj endobj Risk measures uncertainty. << endobj >> F9Q8G3rSmKpfqH5FWdzdyagt7aTai19qV2P0jpsV/aejqVx9YMLW8sg+OJh8Mqup67UNMVTryf8A The results reveal that project uncertainty can moderate the effects of project planning and control on process performance and the effects of user participation on product performance. endobj /Border [0 0 0] /Subtype /Link How can I use ISO 31000, and can i become certified? Risk assessment estimates two dimensions for each risk; namely, the uncertainty (described as “probability of occurrence”) and the effect on objectives if the risk occurs (described as “impact”). As expected, project uncertainty increases residual performance risk. 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Understanding uncertainty involves knowledge management, this is why a rigorous knowledge management program is a prerequisite for an effective quality management system.. Risk management is then a way of teasing out the unknowns and allowing us to take action: Risk assessments mostly easily focus on the ignorance that we are aware of, the ‘known unknowns’. /ProcSet [/PDF /Text /ImageB] References. Defining Risk The Oxford English Dictionary defines risk as “the probability of a negative occurrence”. endobj Risk management is important in a business. /Type /Annot >> /MC2 42 0 R 43 0 obj /Type /ExtGState V7PirsVdir//2Q== VLq9kvdY02DSfL93YxR2sCXLSajBM80sojKRR8+Cs/KT007EDqqt13844rvQINR0BLu3ubLXtN0/ /Type /Annot All businesses face risk. The paper argues that such methods can be used to enhance the risk management of projects. >> Note that an effect may be positive, negative, or a deviation from the expected. The best practices in traditional risk management are vital, as Gary points out, but they are not enough to protect a company from economic risk. The new definition says that risk is "the effect of uncertainty on objectives." A more complete definition of risk would therefore be “an uncertainty that if it occurs could affect one or more objectives”. Furthermore, supply risk monitoring, supply risk mitigation and supply risk management process maturity all moderate the effect of environmental uncertainty, whereas only risk monitoring has an influence on the relationship between behavioral uncertainty and supply risk management performance. YrmNpRu93aqZEa1mZq7h2AFBQ0xVbbflVqWmtNaaJ5nutP0W+a2l1O39PneSS28UcLyRXodGiadI eWd/LaWvkoItpauvrmZEZGAeVmUr/d9h8h2xVH/md+WEHnv9C+rqDWH6Gu/ri8YhL6hFPhNWTj9n Qz/EjUZW8RirF7X/AJxq1q2tG0WL8wtVj8quxD6PGhUmNjVk9T1igr3/AHVD4Yqy3VPyV0q51byV 40 0 obj : + 86 571 88284310; fax: + 86 571 88018449. /Border [0 0 0] It is the process ofunderstanding and managing the risks that an organisation is inevitablysubject to. Risk can be defined as imperfect knowledge where the probabilities of the possible outcomes are known, and uncertainty exists when these probabilities are not known (Hardaker). ABWm5+/FKn5e81WHmkXVlJYlY0UF0kpJGyk032FDiqd2dhpenj0rSCG25/sxqqFvu3OBUrvPI+gX jOS7vrf8pfzAS2ZljuPMlvDdldv3NZHofYyImFXp8P5b/nB5i/Lez0KLWvL3+FruzgNrClvIpWIq 35 0 obj GCBfUQxv6iNJcc6qfY4qk+o/846XDea9W1nQ/OF9oVhrszTapptpHQyF2LuolEqrx5O3ENGaVp0x << endobj 8H+ViqpH+U8P+GtB0KfUfVh0bVrjVZX9Hj663LXbNBQSfBQXtOdT9npvsqgPKf5IWGgatpt19YsZ endobj What Is Risk Management? q8V3ajndNcSelFHb+i8qtKzkD02ZX3qRSpxVAXv5y6FYyxWd7pOq2+sTXUFpHozwRG6Y3UcrwyKF o/yz53Wb8s9P84eYUOnqdNjvtQZwtP7oO0kaxvL8En2o1ryoQCAdsVUz+Zunwadc32qaPq2lJCIf 9YaTqr6VDp1/q99BbreXsOmxJL9XgcsqPKXkiFX4NxRasadMVSW4/Ozyuv1mSysdR1OysrKDU7y/ iMhZSfhI7mmKpUfzh0KfUZNGe01HS76eC6kspbiK3DMbaB5nIgMzyxsEQsFnjStKHFUs8rfmXfmX iqc615I1eXzBd655e1z9DXep20VpqavbLdLItuX9GWOskRjlQSsAfiH+TiqV6d+Tthpmj+ZNI0+/ ISO 31000 Risk is the “effect of uncertainty on objectives” and risk management refers to “coordinated activities to direct and control an organisation with regard to risk.” The Book Author’s Definition Risk is a variable that can cause deviation from an expected outcome. >> << ► We develop an integrated IS project risk management model from a vendor perspective. Compared to the amount of research concerning risk management, the causes, effects, and coping mechanisms of uncertainty are based on little scientific evidence, especially in the ISD context. endobj Risk Management Model – developed from the model in the Strategy Unit’s November 2002 report : “Risk – improving government’s capability to handle risk and uncertainty” Notes on the model The management of risk is not a linear process; rather it is the balancing of a number of . By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. Adobe Illustrator CS2 /SM 0.02 6 3.1 Distinction between risk and uncertainty 7 3.2 Risk versus hazard 9 3.3 Characteristics of risk 10 3.3.1 Quantification of risk and decision criteria 12 3.4 Types of risk 13 3.5 Risk factors 16 4. endobj 32 0 obj << uncertainty) was subjective. endobj /Subtype /Link THIS PAPER USES A SAMPLE OF 1,296 RESPONSES FOR WHICH THE INTERPLAY BETWEEN RISK MANAGEMENT AND UNCERTAINTY COULD BE MEASURED. If you consider ISO 31000’s definition of risk, this is: “The effect of uncertainty on objectives”. R2rGq/u1DBqVxVOfLX55fl75j1fU9O0y8kKaTbSXl3qM0fpWnoxOqOyyOQdi46qKjpiqTD/nJ38q Climate change is a risk management problem – current climate policy is based on an understanding of what is expected to occur, when in fact there is substantial risk that future temperatures could be more extreme. << >> /Rect [90.595 87.364 182.721 95.301] /S /URI /Type /Annot 14 0 obj 4p3xV8//AJzfkToegaVeee/JdzJ5f1LSQLp7aBykJAYAmA1DRPvsAeJ6ADFWOa95tuvPF7+Tjeae The effects of perceived business uncertainty, external consultants and risk management on organisational outcomes. << The recent global standard on risk management ISO 31000 Risk management – Principles and Guidelines, however, defines risk as “effect of uncertainty on objectives”. /Filter /FlateDecode XE�����ڬ�^��͢�5�мZ}��B dQ��*U����7̌� ��"�0h�LF���ei�?_l�M�����Q����. /Resources 20 0 R DBAMDAwMDAwQDA4PEA8ODBMTFBQTExwbGxscHx8fHx8fHx8fHwEHBwcNDA0YEBAYGhURFRofHx8f 7elT2xVOvP35CjzFP5fn0bzFc+X5vLdqtnp8yI9xKFQ/C3q+tDIGAFK1xVJrj/nGzWtalij84fmD In simple terms, risk is the possibility of something bad happening. 20 0 obj Uncertainties result from a lack of information about the present that can often cause unpredictable outcomes. ofybdaJqMGtW8Gp+YNTe7mufMLQBJxPdO7rJGOTcPS5gIvLtiqI0L8pEsPMkmvXuryXlxLYfVnjj cBJKJnhVfjDKFDFiQaA4qh7/APObyxZTzq1nqEltZJG+qXiwKiWZkjWXhOkrxz80Rw0ipGxT9qmK 45 0 obj << Social Science. Providing a model to follow when setting up and operating a management system, find out more about how MSS work and where they can be applied. ldT2ZGAZT4jFXkNr/wA41azb2b6In5haqnlRyQ2jRoV/dsatHz9Ux0apr+6ofDFWT+dPyH8r+ZPL It concludes by advocating for systematic approach to risks and uncertainties management as the optimal pre-requisite for Construction Industries to overcome the associated challenges. A risk is an unplanned event that may affect one or some of your project objectives if it occurs. 19 0 obj /Metadata 46 0 R /MC4 41 0 R uncertainty) was subjective. 2/n1W9tLK1tbS2rELG3tJZYkKypyjUXQdZJPiPxA9FqqmcH5t+WJ9ej0pIroQTXjabb6uUj+pSXi of Information Management & Information Systems, Zhejiang University City College, Hangzhou, 310015, PR China b Dept. /Rect [440.334 102.784 556.838 112.762] tPelcNItX13yj5lvNTe6stbkihduSws8ienXqE4Gn6sVR+o+YbXyvplrBqU8l/espCsAA8hB3Y1N << There are separate risk response strategies for negatives and positives. x7+1uIlinCCVZSwKlFC/CADUUXDaGU+X9DttF0xLGAl6EvLIdi7nq1PopgSmWKuxViv5k/l5pfn3 /A 29 0 R There are many effects of uncertainty or risks involved in this process. Effect is defined as “a change which is a result or consequence of an >> In addition to addressing operational continuity, ISO 31000 provides a level of reassurance in terms of economic resilience, professional reputation and environmental and safety outcomes. The Uncertainty Effect: An Introduction to Risk Management eBook: Wilson, Anthony: Amazon.co.uk: Kindle Store Select Your Cookie Preferences We use cookies and similar tools to enhance your shopping experience, to provide our services, understand how customers use our services so we can make improvements, and display ads. Communication Theory, 14, 167-190. In case of risk all possible future events or consequences of an action or decision are known. Fast and free shipping free returns cash on delivery available on eligible purchase. /Subtype /Link As explained above, the organization should first start by identifying the uncertainties and then identifying the effects of the uncertainties or risks. /GS1 40 0 R /ExtGState 36 0 R But what does that mean? Hx8fHx8fHx8fHx8fHx8fHx8fHx8fHx8fHx8fHx8fHx8fHx8fHx8fHx8fHx8f/8AAEQgAOAEAAwER riqS+fPyLtvMHmpPN2g65c+WPMnEJNe2qeosnFQgZkDxNy4DifioR2xVrSfyHtG03Wrbzd5g1DzR >> nsLWEVMl2gjqPFQGY/17YqkSfmPb3eox2WlafNetIwXmSI9q7sBRth70w0i0w8z+dNO0L9yQbi+Y Risk management is important in a business. >> Tel. /Author (covers) vV+qfXvT9Tnz5eh8X2PbFUvsfzv8l3tloN3ELpU8wzyW1sjpGrwtHcR2pa4X1PgUyzJSnLY18cVR /URI (mailto:wqz@zju.edu.cn) /Subtype /Link JPEG How would you comment on ISO 31000 definition of risk that goes like” risk is the effect of uncertainty”. It is the process ofunderstanding and managing the risks that an organisation is inevitablysubject to. qj/M/wCa/lny0Nc/Scd0H0FbN5440RmnS/JWJrcFxzClWD8uNOJxVcfzT8sjzMNB4z7v6X6U4x/U Furthermore, supply risk monitoring, supply risk mitigation and supply risk management process maturity all moderate the effect of environmental uncertainty, whereas only risk monitoring has an influence on the relationship between behavioral uncertainty and supply risk management performance. %���� >> Solution for effect of uncertainty on project risk management. endobj 7 0 obj managing risk and uncertainty, we conclude that: 1. In the context of risk, we often can examine t… However, horizontal coordination does not have any significant effect on residual performance risk. Risk: there are a number of possible outcomes and the probability of each outcome is known. ca5FHDcz3DemsYgYvE8CEy8HRmJU8iO1KE1VY/bf8416zHZfoOb8wdVfynuv6FjQx/uieRj5mZ0p k�_ A�\��U^�\I��l�j�`|�� ���)�J���P�4���O��]��S^3�J'�z��N����������]��rL�%u|���υ��{-L��:ܲZ��.��s��/�5 ��5�`����ۋ��c3�v�as�*�5�Fx�FX%] ��VJ��~�֦괯�ޠ�����bփ�Ρ�2� O��O��!3d�̐2C�+�"Wh�von�� � ���� >> 11 0 obj We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. << Executive Summary. << /Subtype /Link The effect of uncertainty on an organization’s or an individuals' ability to meet its objectives. This research identified not only the antecedents of supply risk management … endobj ► Enhancing user participation will improve product performance for high risk projects. << Risk management then starts with identifying uncertainty and then evaluating effects (positive and negative). If you consider ISO 31000’s definition of risk, this is: “The effect of uncertainty on objectives”. AAIRAQMRAf/EAaIAAAAHAQEBAQEAAAAAAAAAAAQFAwIGAQAHCAkKCwEAAgIDAQEBAQEAAAAAAAAA AQBIAAAAAQAB/+4ADkFkb2JlAGTAAAAAAf/bAIQABgQEBAUEBgUFBgkGBQYJCwgGBggLDAoKCwoK The results of this study contribute to a more acute understanding of the contingency approach to ISD project risk management. Xvk22/SF2tjomkW8NpFLL8TsI0CIoVBV5G41oq77nFWK+Wf+cify38wa1a6PbS3ltd37iKxN1bMi ISO 31000 Risk is the “effect of uncertainty on objectives” and risk management refers to “coordinated activities to direct and control an organisation with regard to risk.” The Book Author’s Definition Risk is a variable that can cause deviation from an expected outcome. These are risks that can be estimated and measured and their probabilities calculated. Management system standards . Basically, when unsure, there is risk of the results being different than our expectations. endobj /Length 452 /MC1 43 0 R These include political issues, exchange rates, interest rates, and so on. The effects of project uncertainty and risk management on IS development project performance: A vendor perspective Liu Jun a,1, Wang Qiuzhen b,⁎, Ma Qingguo b,2 a Dept. Both in turn have a direct negative effect on performance. /Border [0 0 0] Resolving the competing perspectives on the effects of uncertainty frames in science communication. /Rect [171.496 684 370.828 691.937] 2007-09-28T18:01:02+08:00 rXSGLWPpaTaW985ClIzdXy8nlKBuqqhY7tXFU284/lrJ5g8yW2uwahDbTQ2hsWiu7KK/VEMhk9W2 sN5OaxtKI+TckcBiWWlcVR+ofk/fva32k6X5g/R/lvUL6PU5dMNmkrrOk0c7qk4kj4xPJFy48Kgn /URI (http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijproman.2010.11.002) << 37 0 obj /Type /Annot >> In summary it suggest when faced with missing or imperfect information about an event, probability, or outcome, we are uncertain. Y+VvMkWv6e10kJt3jkMckRPIAgAghqLXY+GBU4xV2Koa+utOgiSO/lijiunFuizFQsjyAgR/FsS2 vA9qIreSMJDGFeJ439L4fhH2vCvjiqWa5pF/ov5n/k5pF/cR3d1YWkds9zAWaNxExVGUsASOAGFX aHDSLTi40vQPNGn2t5cQGWNk5wOSyOobqDxPtgSparbxeXfLV4+h2qxyxqCioCxqWCl2rUtxBrv4 /Subtype /XML /Filter /FlateDecode endobj /Rect [114.293 97.285 169.285 105.279] Also, risk is often described by an event, a change in chain uncertainty and risk management in the courier industry. /Title (esp930.eps) up6td3tvPdLa2cMRljFrN6E8cyySxcHjk2I6HsTUVVRB/NbQZ4NNk0ey1DW5tTsxqUdrYQq0sdoz �����h�t��0 /A 34 0 R More specifically, the results indicate that project planning and control makes a greater contribution to process performance when there is a low level of inherent uncertainty and that user participation makes a greater contribution to product performance when there is a high level of inherent uncertainty. , horizontal coordination does not have any significant effect on performance consider ISO 31000 ’ s objectives risk.! 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