Practitioners attending the committee’s workshops expressed similar perspectives on the dissemination problem, attributing the lack of use of research knowledge to factors such as the following: Information is not easy to digest and understand. As part of its information dissemination program, NHRAIC maintains a library totaling approximately 28,000 items, which is available to students, visiting scholars, and practitioners. The nine-member team consisted of nuclear engineers, health specialists, planners, and social scientists. 2 For this reason, dissemination is a core responsibility of any organization … The Hazards Research Lab (HRL) at the University of South Carolina (USC) was established in 1995. As part of its NEHRP role, NSF supported early social science studies on research utilization in the hazards and disasters field. Underpinning earthquake risk-reduction efforts through NEHRP is the provision of technical assistance and research that develops new knowledge about (1) earthquake hazards; (2) the response of the natural, built, and social environments to those hazards; and (3) techniques to mitigate the hazards. Experts in policy, planning, and mitigation stepped forward and volunteered in the flood mitigation effort. For example, attitude towards information systems and technical support are critical factors that may be supported with information and communication technology tools for facilitating knowledge dissemination, reducing uncertainty about the electronic health records. They believe that the federal-to-community dissemination process is flawed and that current federal dissemination practices favor large communities. EMI develops courses and administers resident and nonresident training programs on coping with natural hazards, technological hazards, and terrorist threats. people. Canadian Health Services Research Foundation. Organizations are crucial in planning for, managing, responding to, and recovering from emergencies. Several states actively engage social scientists while developing emergency planning strategies. Canadian Institutes of Health Research. Disaster research has given major attention to the behavior of organizations. This goal is based on the anticipation that in the future more and more emergency managers in government as well as in business and industry will need to come to the job with a college degree in emergency management. 5.2 Importance of Information Dissemination learning, the emphasis is on refining knowledge that already exists, upgrading existing level of skills, and nurturing and shaping innate potential and talent of individuals and groups in a society. Consider whether your dissemination plan would benefit from liaising with others, for example, NIHR Communications team, your institution’s press office, PPI members. For example, much of the information presented in a CSEPP training course on “Public Information and Education” was develop from social science research on disaster education and warning. Appreciate the value of developing of a comprehensive dissemination strategy as an integral part of a research project. A major challenge facing NEHRP is furthering the use by local, state, and private stakeholders of the science-based knowledge it generates. Likewise, a training course on “Command and Control” reflects the extensive research on organizational behavior in disasters carried out by the Disaster Research Center. This web-based resource is a self-inventory tool designed to help researchers identify and reach the intended end users of research, and facilitate their use of research. Given the emphasis on knowledge dissemination and application in funding applications, it is critical for researchers to use an approach focused on the end-user. Drabek’s strategic information sharing activities have been supported by both NSF, such as his project advisory committees, and FEMA, including his work involving the development of courses for its Higher Education Program. Show this book's table of contents, where you can jump to any chapter by name. This list is not intended to be exhaustive; rather, it is a capsule of the larger knowledge delivery system in the hazards and disaster field. This application is significant because families with written emergency plans are more likely to engage in protective behaviors when confronted by a disaster. of the research on the knowledge utilization process in this field and the relevant literature on dissemination and utilization that has been produced by social scientists outside the field. One of the first steps in becoming compliant with NIMS requires states and local governments to institutionalize the use of ICS (as taught by DHS) across the entire response system. Roussos ST, Fawcett SB. This principle was strongly confirmed by practitioners who participated in the committee’s workshops. The matrix combines the four approaches to knowledge dissemination and the six factors for success previously identified in the review of the broader research literature on knowledge utilization. The role of the social scientist is to ensure that the training material applies relevant social science knowledge on hazards and disasters and that this is done accurately. Finally, future research utilization studies should focus not only on the ways information is introduced to potential users, (i.e., process issues), but also on the actual results of such efforts. The draft Witt report was very critical of the status of planning at the plant and surrounding communities. Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) staff agreed and asked Drabek to tackle the problem. Dissemination Plan Examples The Community Voice: A Photovoice Project Identifying Barriers and Facilitators to Health and Health Care. The knowledge that they disseminate to spur science-based decision making and implementation cuts across all of the core topics of hazards and disaster research depicted in Figure 1.1 and Figure 1.2. Recommendation 8.3: Cross-cultural research utilization studies should be pursued by social scientists.