Scientific Name . However, this feature is not present in all cottontails nor is it unique to the genus. Unless you find someone's escaped rabbit, you are not likely to find any other species. Eastern cottontail Facts about the genus Sylvilagus, the cottontail rabbits Scientific name: The genus name Sylvilagus is from the Latin word sylva (forest) and the Greek word lagos (hare). [4] In the mid-1960s, the eastern cottontail was introduced to northern Italy, where it displayed a rapid territorial expansion and increase in population density. Disney Media . [19] Other favored species include clovers (Trifolium spp.) "Effects of prescribed fire on furbearers in the South", pp. The eastern cottontail, which is the most common of the cottontail rabbits, has grayish brown fur above that is often grizzled with black hairs. The annual productivity of females may be as high as 35 young. Scientific Name: Sylvilagus floridanus. Desert Cottontail 5. Typically eastern cottontails occupy habitats in and around farms including fields, pastures, open woods, thickets associated with fencerows, wooded thickets, forest edges, and suburban areas with adequate food and cover. Eastern Cottontail. In Texas, eastern cottontails are preyed on by coyotes more heavily in early spring and in fall than in summer or winter. MAMMALOGY LAB SPECIES IDENTIFICATION LISTS. Scientific Name Sylvilagus floridanus. Cottontails’ courtship ritual is called “cavorting.” Males and females race around, hop energetically and even fight prior to mating. In New York the breeding season occurs from February to September, in Connecticut from mid-March to mid-September. and crabgrasses (Digitaria spp.). (Almost) 360-degree vision Eastern cottontails have eyes that protrude a bit from their heads, giving them almost 360-degree vision. These two species of rabbits are found in New Hampshire. Edit source History Talk (0) Comments Share. North America. Disney Media . Adult specimens from the Florida Museum of Natural History, collected in Florida, have a mean weight of 2.244 lb (1,018 g). There are more than 10 genera, including Lepus, Nesolagus and Brachylagus. [11] Eastern cottontails are most active when visibility is limited, such as rainy or foggy nights. Appalachian cottontails resemble eastern cottontails, however Appalachian cottontails are smaller, lighter and have a black patch between the ears. 121–128 in: Wood, Gene W. Common name: Eastern Cottontail Rabbit. Temperature rather than diet has been suggested as a primary factor controlling onset of breeding; many studies correlate severe weather with delays in the onset of breeding. SCIENTIFIC NAME: Sylviagus floridanus. Cottontail rabbits typically only use their nose to move and adjust the position of the food that it places directly in front of its front paws on the ground. Edit. The eastern cottontail (Sylvilagus floridanus) is a New World cottontail rabbit, a member of the family Leporidae. [21] In the Southwest cottontails including eastern cottontail comprise 7 to 25% of the diets of northern goshawk (Accipiter gentilis). Most (though not all) species live in nests called forms, and all have altricial young. [22], In Kansas, the largest cause of mortality of radiotracked eastern cottontails was predation (43%), followed by deaths due to the research process (19%), and tularemia (18%). Least Concern. Throughout their range, cottontails can be found in meadows or any open grassy area with an abundance of well-distributed dense shrubs for cover. Average depth of nest holes is 5 in (13 cm), average width 5 in (13 cm), and average length 7 in (18 cm). The eastern cottontail is now more common in it. Rabbits and hares belong to the family Leporidae. (900 - 1800 g) . [3] In winter when deciduous plants are bare eastern cottontails forage in less secure cover and travel greater distances. However, this feature is not present in all cottontails nor is it unique to the genus. Molecular studies (limited in scope to the mitochondrial 12S gene) have shown that the currently accepted subgeneric structure,[1] while of some heuristic value, is unlikely to withstand additional scrutiny. The Swamp Rabbit is the largest species of cottontail rabbit and, as the name suggests, is found in the swamps and wetlands of the Southern United States. Rabbits are ground dwellers whose habitat ranges from deserts to tropical forests and wetlands. It can be found in bushy areas, fields, woodlands, swamps and thickets. A. Allen) [9,10,28,48]. Eastern Cottontail relies on running to move around. The average measurements are: length 7.09 in (18 cm), width 4.9 in (12 cm), and depth 4.71 in (12 cm). Total Length: 14” Description: With their large hind feet and large ears, rabbits are readily distinguished from other Ohio mammals, except in northeastern Ohio where they resemble... Read moreEastern Cottontail (900 - 1800 g) . The largest ranges are occupied by adult males during the breeding season. The Eastern Cottontail (Sylvilagus floridanus) is a species of cottontail rabbit native to North, Central, and South America. A North American cottontail, Waterloo, Ontario Cottontail rabbits are among the 20 lagomorph species in the genus Sylvilagus, found in the Americas. [12][13] Weight can range from 1.8 to 4.4 lb (800 to 2,000 g), with an average of around 2.6 lb (1,200 g). Anyone who has ever seen a cottontail rabbit could easily guess how they got their common name: their tails, which look like cotton balls. The peak period of highway mortality is in spring (March through May); roadside vegetation greens up before adjacent fields and is highly attractive to eastern cottontails. Eastern Cottontail Most common type of rabbits that are found everywhere are eastern cotton tail. In southwestern Wisconsin adult male home ranges averaged 6.9 acres (2.8 hectares) in spring, increased to 10 acres (4.0 hectares) in early summer, and decreased to 3.7 acres (1.5 hectares) by late summer. Bambi New England, specifically from southern Maine to southern New York. Tres Marias Cottontail Out of these the Swamp Rabbit (Sylvilagus aquaticus) is the largest and the B… Length . [17], The eastern cottontail is a very territorial animal. They are herbivores and feed and plant matter, including grasses and vegetables. Well you're in luck, because here they come. Description. Habitat The eastern cottontail prefers habitats that are between woody areas and open land. Species Description. The cottontail is one of the most common small mammals in Minnesota. [3] Eastern cottontails usually move only short distances, and they may remain sitting very still for up to 15 minutes at a time. Its underside fur is white. Oryctolagus cuniculus is the scientific name for the European rabbit. Distribution: Eastern Cottontails can be found statewide. The eastern cottontail can leap distances of between 10 and 15 feet. The most popular color? They are any of several North, Central and South American rabbit species of the genus Sylvilagus. [5], Optimal eastern cottontail habitat includes open grassy areas, clearings, and old fields supporting abundant green grasses and herbs, with shrubs in the area or edges for cover. Eastern cottontail. Species Sylvilagus floridanus eastern cottontail. The Eastern Cottontail Rabbit (Sylvilagus floridanus) is a member of the Leporidae family and has a chunky appearance with a red-brown or gray-brown fur coloring. Order - Lagomorpha. Species Sylvilagus cognatus Manzano Mountain cottontail. Unless you find someone's escaped rabbit, you are not likely to find any other species. ), plantains (Plantago spp. Least Concern. In the U.S., it is found in most of the Eastern U.S. and in parts of New Mexico and Arizona. Some commonly occupied ecosystems include prairies, grassy clearings, farmland, marshes, and lightly wooded forests. Breeding Habit Brushy areas on the edges of fields or streams. [7] The nest is concealed in grasses or weeds. [1] Most Sylvilagus species have stub tails with white undersides that show when they retreat, giving them their characteristic name. [9][11], The eastern cottontail is chunky, red-brown or gray-brown in appearance, with large hind feet, long ears, and a short, fluffy white tail. Eastern cottontail Facts about the genus Sylvilagus, the cottontail rabbits Scientific name: The genus name Sylvilagus is from the Latin word sylva (forest) and the Greek word lagos (hare). The swamp rabbit (Sylvilagus (1963). The reforestation of New England combined with extensive development has resulted in a large decline in this habitat type, which has greatly reduced numbers of … The cottontail prefers an area where it can hide quickly but be out in the open. Cottontail rabbits can run up to 18 miles per hour for a half mile, and they run in a zig-zag pattern to confuse predators. [22] Some studies list as many as 70[22] to 145 plant species in local diets. They are one of the most common rabbits in North America. [19] Mating is promiscuous. Adult total length: 16 - 17 in. You guessed it: brown. [9][11], In summer, eastern cottontails consume tender green herbaceous vegetation when it is available. Hi 20zrozgonyi! Eastern Cottontail 7. Common Names - Eastern Cottontail, Cottontail. Young begin to move out of the nest for short trips by 12 to 16 days and are completely weaned and independent by four to five weeks. (90 - 100 mm) . All domestic rabbits, including ones in Canada, belong to the European Rabbit species and their scientific name is Oryctolagus cuniculus. Rabbits differ from hares in size, life history, and preferred habitat. The Eastern Cottontail has speckled brown-gray fur above, reddish-brown fur around its neck and shoulders and lighter fur around its nose and on its undersides. [9] In Florida slash pine flatwoods, eastern cottontails use low saw-palmetto (Serenoa repens) patches for cover within grassy areas. Featured Films and Nature Documentaries . It is termed as "rare" because its area of occupation is limited to the upland areas east of the United States. STATUS: Common and found statewide. [3], Predators that take nestlings include raccoon, badger (Taxidea taxus), skunks (Mephitis and Spilogale spp. Their eyes begin to open by four to seven days. (ed.). The most popular color? In winter the cottontail's pelage is more gray than brown. Rabbit, any of 29 species of long-eared mammals belonging to the family Leporidae, excluding hares (genus Lepus). ABBREVIATION : SYFL COMMON NAMES : eastern cottontail cottontail rabbit Florida cottontail TAXONOMY : The currently accepted scientific name for eastern cottontail is Sylvilagus floridanus (J. There is a rusty patch on the tail. Scientific Name: Sylvilagus floridanus. Discover How Long Eastern cottontail Lives. In Maryland you have Eastern Cottontail (Sylvilagus floridanus) for wild rabbits. Individuals are known to live for 108 months and can grow to 1269 g. Reproduction is dioecious. An adult female averages three litters per year, which can occur in any season; occurrence, and litter size depend on several factors including time of the year, weather, and location. Ambrosia pumila Family - Leporidae. Genus - Sylvilagus. Major predators of eastern cottontail include domestic cats and dogs, foxes (Vulpes and Urocyon spp. There are several species of cottontail rabbit, but the eastern cottontail is the most common. They are also found in swamps and marshes and usually avoid dense woods. Name . [8], Juvenile cottontail standing in anticipation of food, Cottontails are very sociable animals within their peer group, Male desert cottontail at 8 weeks, and the same cottontail at 16 months of age, The subgenera were described in the 19th century based on limited morphological data that have been shown to not be of great use, nor to depict phylogenetic relationships. Scientific names are presented in taxonomic groupings to the Order, except for the Monera and Fungi, which are presented only by Phylum. The only time a cottontail uses its front paws while feeding is when vegetation is above its head on a living plant, at which point the cottontail will lift its paw to bend the branch to bring the food within reach. Kingdom - Animalia. Being a lagomorph means that they have four incisors in their upper jaw and are strictly herbivores. Nests are also constructed in thickets, orchards, and scrubby woods. Habitat of Eastern Cottontail Cottontail rabbits are among the 20 lagomorph species in the genus Sylvilagus, found in the Americas. In Maryland you have Eastern Cottontail (Sylvilagus floridanus) for wild rabbits. Species Description. [3], The nest is a slanting hole dug in soft soil and lined with vegetation and white fur from the mother's underside. [9] Predators. Phylum - Chordata Class - Mammalia. Weight: 2 - 4 lbs. [10], Most nest holes are constructed in grasslands (including hayfields). [3] Further summary of diseases and pests is available. Leporids including eastern cottontails are coprophagous, producing two types of fecal pellets, one of which is consumed. Named for the white, fluffy undersides of their tails, Eastern cottontail rabbits prefer soft, moist vegetation. Due to their often large populations in Eastern North America, they form a major component of several predators' diets. Chapman, Joseph A.; Hockman, J. Gregory; Edwards, William R. (1982). [7], In southeastern Wisconsin home ranges of males overlapped by up to 50%, but female home ranges did not overlap by more than 25% and actual defense of range by females occurred only in the immediate area of the nest. The cottontail will turn the food with its nose to find the cleanest part of the vegetation (free of sand and inedible parts) to begin its meal. "Seasonal food habits of black bears in Great Dismal Swamp, Virginia – North Carolina". [3] In southeastern Illinois tall-grass prairie, eastern cottontail nests were more common in undisturbed prairie grasses than in high-mowed or hayed plots. Discover How Long Eastern cottontail Lives. Family: Leporidae. Black-tailed jack r... Desert cottontail. Its appearance differs from that of a hare in that it has a brownish-gray coloring around the head and neck. Cottontails can also be parasitized by botfly species including Cuterebra fontinella. ), raccoon (Procyon lotor), mink (M. vison), great horned owl (Bubo virginianus), barred owl (Strix varia), hawks (principally Buteo spp. [16] Meanwhile, 346 adult cottontails from Michigan were found to have averaged 3.186 lb (1,445 g) in mass. [9][20] Litters disperse at about seven weeks. Cottontail rabbits are among the 20 lagomorph species in the genus Sylvilagus, found in the Americas. Being a lagomorph means that they have four incisors in their upper jaw and are strictly herbivores. Common Name: Scientific Name: Beaver: Castor canadensis: Eastern chipmunk: Tamias striatus: Eastern cottontail: Sylvilagus floridanus: Eastern mole: Scalopus aquaticus The hind legs and feet are much longer than the front legs and feet. Almost every living carnivorous creature comparable to or larger in size than these lagomorphs is a potential predator, including such diverse creatures as domestic dogs, cats, humans, snakes, coyotes, mountain lions, foxes, and if the cottontail is showing signs of illness, even squirrels. It is the most common rabbit species in North America. [3], During the dormant season, or when green vegetation is covered with snow, eastern cottontails consume twigs, buds, and bark of woody vegetation. Status . They are seldom found in deep woods. They are one of the most common rabbits in North America. [3][4], The lifespan of a cottontail averages about two years, depending on the location. Eastern Cottontail. The Eastern cottontail is extremely prevalent in Canada, and is one of the most common rabbit species in North America. [7] In New England, eastern cottontail home ranges average 1.4 acres (0.57 hectares) for adult males and 1.2 acres (0.49 hectares) for adult females but vary in size from 0.5 to 40 acres (0.20 to 16.19 hectares), depending on season, habitat quality, and individual. A majority of females first breed the spring following birth; but 10% to 36% of females breed as juveniles (i.e., summer of the year they were born). Most cottontail rabbits of the genus have a short tail with a white underside that shows when they are running away. Cottontail rabbits live in America. Scientific Name: Sylvilagus floridanus Eastern Cottontail rabbits are lagomorphs, not rodents as many people think. [11][20], The diet of eastern cottontails is varied and largely dependent on availability. Appalachian Cottont... Arctic Hare. [7], Cottontails are rarely found out of their burrows looking for food on windy days, because the wind interferes with their hearing capabilities. Quercus garryana. [3] Further summary of diseases and pests is available. The eastern cottontail is the most familiar rabbit in Virginia and easily recognized by most Virginians. Female rabbits can have one to seven litters of one to twelve young, called kits, in a year; however, they average three to four litters per year, and the average number of kits is five. Cottontail rabbits are among the 20 lagomorph species in the genus Sylvilagus, found in the Americas. Eastern cottontails are active year-round. (26 - 47 mm) . The underside of the tail and the lower belly are … The tail is short, fluffy, 30-70 mm (1.2-2.8 in) in length, brown above and white below. Bambi Hind foot: 3 - 4 in. Hearing an incoming predator before they get close enough to attack is their primary defense mechanism. ... Common Name: Eastern cottontail. Scientific Name: Sylvilagus floridanus Status: Common Distribution: Eastern Cottontails can be found statewide. In Georgia the breeding season lasts nine months and in Texas breeding occurs year-round. Average longevity is 15 months in the wild; the longest-lived wild individual on record was five years old. A. Allen, 1890) – Conejo serrano, lapin à queue blanche, Eastern Cottontail, Florida cottontail : Species: Sylvilagus fulvescens J. "Cottontails: Komarek, Roy. Sylvilagus floridanus. Eastern cottontail rabbits are a prey species and are hunted by humans and fed on by foxes, hawks, owls, and other predatory species. [21] Males will mate with more than one female. For other uses, see, "Ecological correlates to cranial morphology in Leporids (Mammalia, Lagomorpha)", 10.1656/1528-7092(2006)5[157:CFPOPL]2.0.CO;2, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cottontail_rabbit&oldid=989199257, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. STATUS In Georgia, we have 4 native species of rabbits. Well you're in luck, because here they come. Scientific Name . [9], The eastern cottontail has to contend with many predators, both natural and introduced. There are a wide variety of species, and a wide variety of habitats, but … The redigestion of pellets greatly increases the nutritional value of dietary items. The nest is lined with grass and fur. It may use the dens of groundhogs as a temporary home or during heavy snow. It is native to United States. Binomial name: Sylvilagus floridanus; Behavior. Throughout their range, cottontails can be found in meadows or any open grassy area with an abundance of well-distributed dense shrubs for cover. [9] The average period of gestation is 28 days, ranging from 25 to 35 days. The upper body parts are typically reddish-brown, lower parts are white, and it often has a white spot on the forehead. Most Sylvilagus species have stub tails with white undersides that show when they retreat, giving them their characteristic name. [5] Newborn cottontails are particularly vulnerable to these attacks. Special Report 19. Did you scroll all this way to get facts about eastern cottontail? "A literature review on cottontail reproduction". "Fire and the changing wildlife habitat", pp. The more aquatic marsh rabbit (also known as a canecutter, or bluetail), though similar in size, can be distinguished from the eastern cottontail by its darker brown upper … (407 - 423 mm) . [11][20], Reproductive maturity occurs at about two to three months of age. The eastern cottontail breeding season begins later with higher latitudes and elevations. Physical Characteristics: The eastern cottontail is a medium-sized rabbit in which the nape of the neck is rusty.The dorsal coloration varies from reddish-brown to grayish-brown sprinkled with black. It is the most common rabbit species in North America. 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Reproduction is dioecious the current area of occupation is,... The breeding season lasts nine months and can grow to 1269 g. is... Studies list as many as 70 [ 22 ] some studies list as many as [! Quickly but be out in the wild ; the longest-lived wild individual on record five. White underside that shows when they retreat, giving them almost 360-degree vision eastern cottontails are small, rabbits. Eat while on all fours incisors in their upper jaw and are full grown adults at three months eastern cottontail scientific name. Are known to live for 108 months and in fall than in summer, twigs and bark in when! Throughout the state, especially in semi-open areas that have thick, low cover such brush! A white underside that shows when they retreat, giving them their characteristic name tail with a very animal... Rabbit there are 11 genera and 54 species in the diets of bobcats a rusty-hued back of the Baja Peninsula. Bark, twigs eastern cottontail scientific name bark amounts of eastern cottontail rabbit native to North, Central and.