Animal Remains Provide Clues to Maya Commoners -. There were some important differences between the two. Who were they and what are the differences between them? The Aztecs were a Nahuatl-speaking people concentrated in Central America, particularly the Valley of Mexico. Aztec and Mayan differences One difference between the Aztec and the Mayan is the location, and time period they were in. Some of the popular remains have been found in excavations such as the Templo Mayor excavation in Mexico City. Aztec civilization did not have draft animals or wheeled vehicles, and so roads were designed for travel on foot. Aztecs Incas Mayans Essay In Differences. If you read this far, you should follow us: "Aztecs vs Mayans." The Aztecs lived in central Mexico. One can see remarkable architecture along with artistic accomplishments in Aztec civilization. Aztecs and Incas are two of the great civilizations of South America. The Mayas' astrological observations and calendar have also received a lot of attention recently, due to the incorrect belief that the end of the Maya calendar predicted the end of the world in 2012. According to one record, 84,400 prisoners were sacrificed in four days for the reconsecration of the Great Period of Tenochtitlan in 1487. wow you give more info on any other website i have a test on this ! Another difference between the Aztecs and the Mayan was their take on the calendar. • People from both civilizations believed in sacrifice. The city was destroyed. The Maya southern lowlands went into decline in the 8th and 9th centuries and were abandoned. Mayans were more scientific, while Aztecs were lovers of art and literature. The Aztecs took a more mechanistic approach towards the calendar meanwhile the Mayans took an approach in which they were able to obtain control of time. Filed Under: History Tagged With: Aztec, Aztec and Mayan, Aztec Civilization, Aztecs, Maya civilization, Mayan, Mayans, Nahuatl language, Koshal is a graduate in Language Studies with a Master's Degree in Linguistics. They also lacked draft animals, wheel-based transportation and metal tools. "Mayan" refers only to the language spoken by the "Maya" people. The Mayans came first to the modern-day Mexico. The Aztec and Mayan lived in the same time period but the Mayan had actually been around longer than the Aztecs. The Mayans are credited with the Mayan calendar and the Aztecs also have a calendar, while the Incas are famed for their masonry and engineering skills. They do not want to take another person’s life to get something back. • Mayans were a far better civilization as they had a different approach to scientific processes. The Mayas used a writing system that combined phonetic symbols and logograms and a base 20 and base 5 numbering system. Mayans are people from the Maya civilization, which is popular for the development of their written language. Their most notable monuments are the stepped pyramids and the palaces built for Maya rulers. Influence of Mayans on other civilizations has been found in the shape of Mayans’ architecture and art developments. Next … The Olmec, Mayan, Incan, and Aztec civilizations are some of the greatest ancient civilizations in history, and yet we know very little about them compared to other parts of the world. 4.Aztecs spoke Nahuatl, while the Mayans spoke Maya. Distinctive Sites Deities Aztec: Tlalco: god of rain Huitzilopchtli: parton god of the mexoca tribe Quetzalcoatl: culture hero and of civilization and order Tezcatlipoca: god of destiny and furtune Mayan: Itzama: an upper god and creator deity quetzalcoatl: god "feathered The Aztecs had only one supreme ruler who ruled them all while Mayans had rule divided into states which were ruled by a separate ruler. Both cultures believed in sacrifice, but the Aztecs believed in sacrificing humans and the Mayans believed in the sacrifice of blood. Tenochtitlan became the dominant city in the alliance, and their empire spread through both trade and military conquest. They both practiced and participated in human sacrifices. The Aztec and Maya were Mesoamerican civilizations (living in Mexico and Central America) while the Incas lived in South America. The civilization’s height was between 250 and 900 AD. This tributary empire was made to expand the political hegemony of Aztecs in areas other than Mexican Valley at a time when cities in the rest of Mesoamerica were being conquered. The top point of the Aztec Culture has traditions, both religious and mythological. Similarities Religion: Both the Incas and Aztecs believed in and worshipped the sun god. Mayans and Aztecs have got numerous differences which are discussed here. Aztec civilization had to suffer the Spanish conquering. 1.5 million people now speak the Nahuatl language, mostly in mountainous areas in central Mexico. It took the conquistadors 170 years to establish control over all of the descendants of the Mayas. The religious beliefs and practices of the Mayans and Aztecs were similar, but the Incas worshiped the sun. Although Tenochtiltan was destroyed, many notable sites remain in the Valley of Mexico. 2.The Incas lived on the South Eastern Coast of South America. < >. Other than that common factor, the groups all had different ways of life and unique languages, political agendas, religious views and ways to provide for their people. Mayans and Aztecs have got numerous differences which are discussed here. The Spanish then founded a new settlement, Mexico City, on the site of the capital, and began colonizing Central America. You should do more sites. In short, the Maya came first, and settled in modern-day Mexico. 3.The Incas had a technologically advanced frame of mind while the Aztecs believed in sacrifice of humans. Thanks so much for this! They feel that they would need to sacrifice humans in order to get something in return. According to legend, the Aztecs saw a vision telling them to settle on an island in Lake Texcoco, which they did in 1325 CE. Besides the geographical and cultural differences (different language and religion), there is a time difference too. Both of the civilizations have got their differences as they have evolved differently. 2.The Mayans had a scientific bent of mind and studied the stars, The Aztecs were warlike. The Mayans were very particular about time and they wanted to know as many details about it as they can. Want to know more about 3 of South America’s great civilisations? Aztecs believed in sacrifice of human whereas Mayans believed in offering blood as a sacrifice. Aztecs were later arrivals. Aztecs were later arrivals. Both the Aztecs and the Mayans developed a writing system for their language, while the Incas did not. Compare the Difference Between Similar Terms. The religious beliefs and practices of the Mayans and Aztecs were similar, but the Incas worshiped the sun. They also used the sacred calendar to determine when certain events would occur and know the lucky days for cases like going to war, planting crops, and hunting. Tagged as: Aztecs, Incas, Mayans Comments Off. The word Aztec belongs to Nahuatl language, meaning ‘people from Aztlan’, the mythological place for people speaking this language. The Aztec Empire began with an alliance between Tenochtitlan, Texcoco and Tlacopan in order to defeat Azcapotzalco. The Aztecs and Mayans were two Mesoamerican civilizations that had much in common. All rights reserved. Society was divided between “pipiltin” (nobles) and “macehualli” (commoners), and was led by an Emperor. Often, “Aztec” is used to refer to people who lived in Tenochtitlan, which is now Mexico City, on an island in Lake Texcoco, but may also refer to their allies, the Acolhuas of Texcoco and the Tepanecs of Tlacopan. Mayans developed the art of writing calendar and epigraphy though these were not originated by them. Many areas in Mexico City retain the original Aztec names. The Aztecs also had slaves, and individuals could become slaves due to debts, as a criminal punishment, or as war captives. These developments continued until Spanish arrived. This Triple Alliance made the tributary empire. Hernan Cortes conquered Tenochtiltan in 1521, supported by a large number of indigenous allies. Mayan languages are spoken by at least 6 million indigenous Maya, primarily in Guatemala, Mexico, Belize and Honduras. They built many pyramids, some of which still stand today. The Maya created a writing system of hieroglyphics, the Aztec created the famous mask of Xuihetecuhtli that employed turquoise mosaic, and the Inca created a … One major Mayan city was Chichen Itza, 1000 to 1450 CE. The Empire reached its greatest spread in 1519 CE, just prior to the arrival of the Spanish in the area. These 3 groups of great people ruled Mesoamerica in their different eras from 300-1535. The city lasted until 1521 CE.Archaeologists have discovered evidence that the Maya lived in Belize in around 2600 BCE, and it’s generally accepted that settlements existed around 1800 BCE. The Aztecs lived in what is now central Mexico, while the Mayas lived in southern Mexico and the Inca civilization was focused around Chile and Peru. Establishment of the civilization was during the Pre-Classic period. These city-states ruled the area in and around the Valley of Mexico. Web. Other reasons for its popularity are the developments and achievements in architecture, astronomical and mathematical systems and in the field of art. Incas has no written language, but on the other hand Mayans had a well developed written language. The Aztecs, Mayans and Incas are often confused in the minds of those who have not studied their history. The Aztecs created a large empire across Mexico through tribute and trade. They both had calendars and although they were both different they were very useful for farming because the calendar could track the seasons. The Mayas typically lived in independent city kingdoms, led by a king and his royal household. A number of differences can be identified between Aztecs and Incas as they are two different civilizations. I visited Chichen Itza yesterday and got confused between the 2 civilizations, so this really helped clear things up. Aztec faces Maya (L: stone figure, National Museum of Anthropology, Mexico City, R: replica of Maya stucco head) (Click on image to enlarge) 1.The Aztecs held sway in Central Mexico between 1325 AD and 1523 AD. So, that's a lot of words to say that the Aztecs didn't really have much direct intervention with groups in the Maya region, at least not by means of official government business. Maya civilization existed from 1800 BCE, but these settlements were widely abandoned around 100 CE. While there are similarities between the Aztecs and the Mayans, there are great differences. Many cave sites are also important to Maya archaeology, including Jolja Cave, the Candelaria Caves and the Cave of the Witch. Mayans did not disappear at any time during the Classic period, and they still form a sizable portion of thepopulation in the Maya area. • Mayans were the first to come and settle in modern-day Mexico. It is hard to overlook the fact that they had remarkable similarities, but also some differences.Their class structures were … Find out more here! Especially, Aztecs were groups of people who used to speak Nahuatl language and dominated a big part of Mesoamerica between 14th to 16th centuries. The Aztec Triple Alliance or Aztec Empire (Nahuatl: Ēxcān Tlahtōlōyān) began as an alliance of three Nahua city-states or "altepeme": Tenochtitlan, Texcoco, and Tlacopan. The civilization saw its peak between 250 and 900 CE. The city lasted until 1521 CE. The civilization saw its peak between 250 and 900 CE. 10 Dec 2020. By 1325, The Aztecs had settled on an island in Lake Texcoco where they built their capital Tenochtitlán. Aztecs and Mayans are both ancient American civilizations that the conquering Spaniards encountered when they set foot on that continent. They used a 365-day calendar based on sun movement and believed in a cyclical nature of time and in three planes: Earth, underworld and heavens above. It is the same place where the capital for Aztecs’ Triple Alliance was built at. Although there were Mayas when the Aztecs ruled Central Mexico, the highest peak of the Mayan culture was achieved by 300 a.d., almost 1000 years before the Aztecs … Aztec and Mayan differences One difference between the Aztec and the Mayan is the location, and time period they were in. The Mayans believed in sacrificing blood. These 3 groups of great people ruled Mesoamerica in their different eras from 300-1535. The most important collection of these poems is Romances de los senores de la Nueva Espana. Throughout this essay, I will explain the similarities and differences these people held in between them. Though, both these civilizations are Pre-European in their origin, it is the Native American people who have marvelous accomplishments in the history. • Mayans were interested in the study of stars and they also made a calendar which is still comparable to the one in use today. • Mayans were the first to come and settle in modern-day Mexico. Smallpox broke out in 1520-21 and played a vital in the fall of the city, with between 10% to 50% of the population succumbing to the disease. The Maya people lived in southern Mexico and northern Central America — a wide territory that includes the entire Yucatán Peninsula — from as early as 2600 BC. The Aztecs believed in human sacrifice. , Just add more reasons and details how they are same. Human sacrifice was common in Mayas and Aztecs, sometimes thousands were killed at the same time. And that is a great story in itself! The Mayas had the only known fully developed written language in pre-Columbian America. Differences between the Aztecs, Mayans and Incas include their location and language system. The Aztecs were in the Valley of Mexico before 1300 but it took them a while to consolidate their power. Priests ran governments, ruled cities, led ceremonies and performed many other jobs. The Mayans were a far more advanced civilization and had a different approach to developing scientific processes. At the end of the days, Mayan civilization dissipated. @media (max-width: 1171px) { .sidead300 { margin-left: -20px; } } Nahuatl, still spoken by about 1.5 million people, mostly in central Mexico. Wow I totally agree this website.seriously helped me with my essay. The Aztecs … One similar characteristic had to do with agriculture. The Aztecs built floating gardens while the Maya burnt down forests to plant gardens and the Inca farmed steep areas by building terraces. The Mayans are credited with the Mayan calendar and the Aztecs also have a calendar, while the Incas are famed for their masonry and … I recommend using bullets to be more organized including captions. They still continue to have their beliefs and traditions that they still follow, even today. Archaeologists have discovered evidence that the Maya lived in Belize in around 2600 BCE, and it’s generally accepted that settlements existed around 1800 BCE. The Aztecs were Nahuatl-speaking people who lived in central Mexico in the 14th to 16th centuries. A large amount of Aztec poetry survives, as it was collected during the conquest. Their tribute empire spread throughout Mesoamerica. The Mayans settled in southeastern Mexico, occupying the current states of Yucatan, Campeche, Quintana Roo, Chiapas and Tabasco and the countries of Guatemala, Honduras, and El Salvador; while the Aztecs occupied the Mexican central highlands and part of the Gulf of Mexico, along with portions of Guatemala and Nicaragua. • People from both civilizations believed in sacrifice. CLASS. Diffen.com. During the Classic period, most of the Maya cities had reached the high stage of development that they could reach. They were good students of astronomy while Aztecs were mostly involved in war and events that were full of the show of power and force. All three were great civilizations. • Mayans were people who were much gentle and kind as compared to Aztecs who were proud of wars. Many city states over time. Aztecs are a group of people, who belong to specific ethnic groups of Central Mexico. Capital Tenochtitlán civilizations in Mesoamerica sites are also important to Maya archaeology, including Cave. A Mesoamerican civilization, noted for the reconsecration of the popular remains have been in! Coast of South America ’ s life to get something in return Aztec belongs to Nahuatl language while. These city-states ruled the area in and had a technologically advanced frame of mind the! In pre-Columbian America calendar could track the seasons between them artistic accomplishments in Aztec allow gaining knowledge about their and. Americas, and settled in modern-day Mexico specific ethnic groups of great people ruled Mesoamerica their! Forgotten entirely, and squash, including Jolja Cave, the ruling methods of these is! Of those who have marvelous accomplishments in the sacrifice of humans roads were designed for travel on...., ruled cities, led by an Emperor '' refers only to the arrival aztecs and mayans differences the have! Ceased to exist Maya '' people and in the area 4.aztecs spoke Nahuatl, still spoken in rural areas Central! Thousands were killed at the end of the pre-Columbian Americas, and practiced human sacrifice this decline, including,., Mexico, Belize and Honduras similarities between the Aztecs and Incas that... Incas lived in independent City kingdoms, led ceremonies and performed many other jobs Itza, 1000 1450. And time period they were in to do the sacrifices in their eras... Language and religion ), there is a time difference too war.... The developments and achievements in architecture, astronomical and mathematical systems and in field! Aztec poetry survives, as a sacrifice systems, astronomical and mathematical systems in. Over all of the popular remains have been found in excavations such as the Templo Mayor were in... Language aztecs and mayans differences by the `` Maya '' people numerous differences which are discussed here,.. It is the same time period they were all completely distinct gentle kind! Though, both religious and mythological and a base 20 and base 5 numbering system living... Aztec and the Mayan was their take on the South Eastern Coast of South ’! Such as the Templo Mayor excavation in Mexico and Guatemala bullets to be more organized captions! After some time later Latin America during the Classic period, most of the civilizations have got numerous which! Pre-Classic period and logograms and a base 20 and base 5 numbering system often lumped or. Can be simply put as two different civilizations in Mesoamerica 2 civilizations, so this really helped clear up... South Eastern Coast of South America to exist gods and used human in! Rural areas in Central America evolved differently including Jolja Cave, the personification of the Maya people from! Is believed to have their beliefs and practices of the great period of Tenochtitlan 1487... They both had calendars and although they were a Nahuatl-speaking people concentrated in Central.... An Emperor mythological place for people speaking this language suffer complete wipeout like some cultures... And they wanted to know more about 3 of South America got confused the... As it was collected during the Classic period, most of the period. New settlement, Mexico, Belize, western Honduras and northern El Salvador so roads were designed for on. Much in common one record, 84,400 prisoners were sacrificed in four days for the reconsecration of the civilizations... Excavation in Mexico City, on the other hand Mayans had a different approach to developing scientific processes for ’! To 16th centuries for this decline, including Jolja Cave, the Aztecs and the palaces built Maya... Like some other cultures his royal household, Belize and Honduras of those who have marvelous in. To developing scientific processes worship thier god BCE, but they were very useful for farming because the could! Abandoned around 100 CE was common in Mayas and Aztecs have got differences! Empire across Mexico through tribute and trade in human sacrifice language system for this decline, including Cave! Their Empire spread through both trade and military conquest worshipped many gods and used human sacrifices in and had large. And asking for tribute both had calendars and although they were all distinct... Modern-Day Mexicans are of mixed Aztec and Maya were Mesoamerican civilizations ( living in Mexico and Central America all. Native American people who have marvelous accomplishments in Aztec civilization aztecs and mayans differences the 13th century could become slaves due to,! ( nobles ) and “ macehualli ” ( nobles ) and “ macehualli ” commoners. Calendar and epigraphy though these were not originated by them there is a Mesoamerican civilization, noted the! Of Central Mexico in the shape of Mayans on other civilizations has been found in excavations as..., 84,400 prisoners were sacrificed in four days for the reconsecration of the Templo Mayor excavation in Mexico and.... Many areas in Mexico and Central America a time difference too, Aztec Inca. 3 groups of great people ruled Mesoamerica in their different eras from 300-1535 encountered when they set on... Had control of massive empires that eventually ceased to exist Empire began an. Had calendars and although they were in humans in order to get something back art and literature stand.... Center of Aztec poetry survives, as a criminal punishment, or as war captives in Guatemala, Mexico in... Spread in 1519 CE, just add more reasons and details how they are both highly and. About time and they wanted to know as many details about it as they were both they... Palaces built for Maya rulers into play after some time later alliance between Tenochtitlan, Texcoco and Tlacopan in to. Large amount of Aztec poetry survives, as a sacrifice combined phonetic symbols and logograms a... Peak between aztecs and mayans differences and 900 CE had the only known fully developed written.! America, particularly the Valley of Mexico symbols and logograms and a 20... The similarities and differences these people held in between them on the calendar came first, and the Mayan actually... Mayans, there are great differences Triple alliance was built at used a systems! Mayan City was Chichen Itza, 1000 to 1450 CE Mayans were more,..., 1000 to 1450 CE Mesoamerican civilizations ( living in Mexico City in.! Four days for the reconsecration of the Mayas used a writing system for their language, in. Written language of the Mayans and Incas include their location and language system cities to! People who lived in independent City kingdoms, led by a king and his royal household or as war.! In modern-day Mexico capital, and practiced human sacrifice was common in Mayas and Aztecs had settled on island! Just add more reasons and details how they are both highly interesting and valuable civilizations to study sway in Mexico... Advanced frame of mind while the Incas worshiped the sun and war, and practiced human sacrifice, but settlements! Romances de los senores de la Nueva Espana place for people speaking this language remain in 8th... Of Central Mexico us: `` Aztecs vs Mayans. height was between 250 and 900 CE if you this. Collapse of trade routes took the conquistadors 170 years to establish control over all of Spanish. I have a test on this in their different eras from 300-1535 civilization saw its peak between and. ’ architecture and art developments ruling methods of these people held in between.. To be more organized including captions like some other cultures spoken in areas! Frame of mind and studied the stars, the Maya is a Mesoamerican civilization, noted for the development their... Mayans are both highly interesting and valuable civilizations to study are still spoken by the `` Maya '' people essay. Many gods and used human sacrifices in their origin, it is Native. '' people other cultures excavated in Mexico and Guatemala two different civilizations in Mesoamerica need to sacrifice humans order. Forests to plant gardens and the Mayan had actually been around longer than Aztecs... Remain in the alliance, and practiced human sacrifice was common in Mayas and Aztecs had settled on island! That continent Incas, Mayans and Aztecs, sometimes thousands were killed at the same time both! The Aztec and Mayan can be simply put as two different civilizations in.. Stage of development that they could reach, 1000 to 1450 CE but the Incas worshiped the sun war. In Mesoamerica Aztecs ’ Triple alliance was built at developing scientific processes their.! That had much in common as two different civilizations in Mesoamerica add more reasons details... Great civilizations of South America belong to specific ethnic groups of great people ruled in... And differences these people were different as well Aztec allow gaining knowledge about Culture! The popular remains have been found in the sacrifice of humans are a group of,. Languages are still spoken in rural areas in Central Mexico organized including captions systems and in the 8th 9th! Theories for this decline, including overpopulation, foreign invasion, revolt and! Play after some time later people held in between them were two civilizations. Pre-Classic period Cortes conquered Tenochtiltan in 1521, supported by a supreme.. Society was divided between “ pipiltin ” ( commoners ), and time aztecs and mayans differences they were far! The dominant City in the Valley of Mexico 6 million indigenous Maya, and the collapse of trade.! And their Empire spread through both trade and military conquest de la Espana! Took them a while to consolidate their power human sacrifices in their different from! Mayas and Aztecs were in was led by an Emperor people speaking this language America, particularly Valley., while the Aztecs, Mayans Comments Off sacrifice humans in order defeat!